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Of  this  edition^  two  hundred  and 
sixty-seven  copies  have  been  printed, 
of  which  two  hundred  and  fifty  are 
for  salet  and  the  type  distributed. 
This  is 






Reprinted  from  the  anginal  edition  of  1748, 

with  introduction  and  notes  by 

Victor  Hugo  Paltsits 







INTRODUCTION,  Victor  Hugo  Paltsits  .     7 

How's  NARRATIVE    .         .         .         .  .23 

Facsimile  of  original  title-page          .  .  25 

INDEX  .  61 


THE  present  town  of  Putney,  Windham 
County,  Vermont,  is  situated  on  the 
west  bank  of  the  Connecticut  River.  It 
extends  for  a  distance  of  five  miles  from  north 
to  south,  and  stretches  between  six  and  seven 
miles  from  its  eastern  to  its  western  boundary. 
In  the  easterly  part  of  the  town,  formed  by  a 
large  bend  in  the  river,  the  Great  Meadow  is 
located,  and  comprises  about  five  hundred 
acres.  Its  soil  has  always  yielded  easily  to 
cultivation,  rewarding  industry  with  an  abun- 
dant crop  of  hay  or  various  kinds  of  grain. 
Originally  the  surrounding  forests  were  over- 
grown with  beach,  elm,  maple,  butternut  and 
oak  trees,  while  the  lowest  part  of  the  meadow 
abounded  with  a  tangled  growth  of  yellow 
pine,  and  the  steep  hills  on  the  west  were 
covered  with  white  pines  of  huge  growth.* 
This  region,  we  may  believe,  was  early  inhab- 
ited by  the  aborigines,  if  flint  arrow-heads, 
spears,  broken  pots  and  other  Indian  remains 
are  evidence  of  their  habitat;  but  whether 
they  were  permanent  or  merely  occasional 
residents  has  not  been  determined. 

In  1735-6,  the  Massachusetts-Bay  govern- 
ment, cognizant  from  bitter  experience  of  the 

*For  the  topographical  description  I  am  indebted  to 
the  accounts  by  Rev.  Amos  Foster,  and  David  L.  Mansfield, 
in  Hemenway's  Vermont  Historical  Gazetteer,  vol.  v,  pp. 
217-222,  250-251. 


disasters  from  Indian  incursions  at  the  west- 
ward, determined  to  establish  a  chain  of 
fortified  settlements  in  the  valley  of  the  Con- 
necticut. Willing  settlers  were  gradually 
procured  through  the  encouragement  of  gov- 
ernmental land-grants,  and  presumably  in 
1738  or  1739  the  occupation  of  the  Great 
Meadow  and  No.  2  (now  Westmoreland,  N. 
H.),  across  the  river,  was  begun.  Nehemiah 
How,  of  Grafton,  Mass.,  William  Phips, 
David  Rugg,  of  Lancaster,  Mass.,  their  fam- 
ilies, together  with  Robert  Baker  and  others, 
made  the  first  clearing  in  the  Great  Meadow, 
and  built  a  fort  in  the  central  part,  called 
Fort  Hill.  Daniel  How,  nephew  of  Nehe- 
miah, also  a  captive  at  Quebec  during  a  part 
of  the  war,  with  Thomas  Crisson  and  others 
from  Rutland,  Mass.,  cleared  the  ground  at 
No.  2,  built  themselves  log-huts  and  depended 
for  protection  on  the  neighboring  fort,  to  the 
building  of  which  they  had  contributed.*  In 
a  few  years  these  intrepid  pioneers,  by  the  dint 
of  assiduity,  succeeded  in  transforming  the 
primeval  meadows  and  uplands  to  conditions 
favorable  for  vegetation  and  pasturage,  and 
gathered  a  good  stock  of  cattle.  Yet  latent 
horrors  of  Indian  warfare  lay  beneath  the 
apparent  tranquillity  of  these  years  of  peace. 
The  first  depredation  by  the  Indians  in  the 
Connecticut  valley,  during  King  George's 
war,  was  on  the  Great  Meadow. 

*N.  H.  Town  Papers,  vol.  xiii  (1884),  pp.  652-653. 


On  July  5th,  1745,  William  Phips  was 
hoeing  in  his  cornfield,  in  the  southwest  corner 
of  the  meadow,  when  suddenly  two  Indians 
surprised  him,  and  led  him  away  captive  to 
the  woods  —  a  distance  of  near  half  a  mile. 
They  halted  in  order  to  permit  one  of  them  to 
descend  a  steep  hill,  where  he  had  left  some- 
thing. Phips,  with  great  strategic  ingenuity, 
seizing  the  moment  when  the  remaining  In- 
dian was  off  his  guard,  struck  him  down  with 
his  hoe  and  "chop'd  him  very  much,"  so  that 
he  died  soon  thereafter.  Snatching  this  In- 
dian's gun,  he  shot  and  killed  the  second 
Indian  as  he  was  returning.  Phips  then  took 
to  his  heels,  but  was  almost  instantly  killed  by 
a  shot  from  one  of  the  guns  of  three  other 
Indians,  who  appeared  on  the  spot  at  this 
juncture.  They  scalped  him  and  "mangled 
his  body  in  a  most  Inhuman  manner."  The 
news  of  this  outbreak  brought  Capt.  Ebenezer 
Alexander  with  a  company  of  fifty-six  men  to 
the  region,  and  they  were  kept  in  service 
scouting1  the  woods  and  guarding  the  towns, 
from  July  i2th  until  September  8th.*  There 
was  a  brief  lull  in  the  exhibitions  of  savagery, 

*Doolittle's  Short  Narrative  Of  Mischief  done  by  the 
French  and  Indian  Enemy,  on  the  Western  Frontiers  Of 
the  Province  of  the  Massachusetts-Bay.  Boston,  1750,  p.  2; 
Rev.  John  Taylor's  "Appendix"  to  Rev.  John  Williams's 
Redeemed  Captive  returning  to  Zion.  Sixth  edition.  Bos- 
ton, 1795,  p.  114;  N.  E.  Hist,  and  Gen:  Register,  vol.  ix,  p. 
163,  from  Hampshire  County  Recorder's  Book;  Temple  and 
Sheldon's  Hist,  of  Northfteld,  Mass.,  pp.  240-241;  Hemen- 
way's  Vermont  Hist.  Gazetteer,  vol.  v,  pp.  219,  252. 


but    on    October    nth,    1745,*    the    Great 
Meadow  was  infested  anew. 

On  this  "black  Friday"  morning  Nehe- 
miah  How  walked  a  distance  of  "about  50 
Rods"  or  a  little  over  one-sixth  of  a  mile  from 
the  fort,  for  the  purpose  of  cutting  some  wood. 
He  had  completed  his  task  and  was  returning 
to  the  fort,  but  had  proceeded  only  a  few 
paces,  when  suddenly  he  heard  "the  crackling 
of  Fences"  behind  him  and,  looking  back  in 
the  direction  whence  the  noise  came,  "saw  12 
or  13  Indians,  with  red  painted  Heads,"  run- 
ning after  him.  Starting  on  a  run,  he  shouted 
desperately,  hoping  thereby  to  attract  the 
attention  of  the  guard  at  the  fort.  The  fleet- 
footed  Indians,  however,  overtook  him  by  the 
time  he  had  gone  ten  rods.  They  seized  him ; 
led  him  away  to  a  "swamp,"  probably  where 
the  creek  now  is,  and  there  his  captors  bound 
him.  The  Indians,  who  were  a  party  of 
Abenakis  of  St.  Francis,t  and  numbered  about 
fifty,t  were  in  the  meadow  scarce  an  hour,  but 
in  that  time  made  a  futile  attack  on  the  fort, 
and  created  havoc  among  the  cattle  in  the 

*The  dates  are  all  according  to  "old  style,"  in  use  by 
the  English,  unless  otherwise  designated. 

^•Collection  de  Manuscrits  relatifs  d  la  Nouvelle-France, 
vol.  iii,  p.  268. 

JDeacon  Noah  Wright,  in  a  letter  written  to  his  brother 
from  Deerfield,  on  October  27th,  1745,  says  the  sentry  at 
the  fort,  when  attacked,  told  him  there  were  about  fifty 
Indians  in  the  whole  party.— 2V.  E.  Hist,  and  Gen.  Register, 
vol.  ii  (1848),  p.  207.  The  Hampshire  County  Recorder's 
Book,  in  2V.  E.  Hist,  and  Gen.  Register,  vol.  ix,  p.  163,  gives 
their  number  erroneously  as  "about  fourscore  French  and 


field.  Deacon  Noah  Wright,  who  arrived  in 
the  scout  sent  out,  found  "such  things  to  behold 
as  wold  raise  the  passions  of  the  most  steddy 
man  in  the  world."  Cattle  which  the  Indians 
had  butchered  and  hides  lay  "spred  almost 
over  the  ground."  As  they  went  through  the 
meadow,  the  scouting  party  could  scarce  turn 
their  eyes  "without  seeing  ded  creatures  sum 
with  their  guts  tore  ought  &  some  ript  open  & 
others  part  of  them  carried  off  &  a  grat  many 
that  lay  untouched  ondly  their  hyds  were  taken 
off."*  From  the  deposition  which  How  made 
to  the  French  at  Quebec,  we  learn  that  the 
fort  was  commanded  by  a  lieutenant,  and  con- 
tained twenty  soldiers  and  ten  others  when 
attacked.!  During  the  retreat  one  of  the 
Indians  was  killed  by  a  shot  from  the  fort; 
another  was  so  mortally  wounded  that  he  died 
"fourteen  Days"  after  their  arrival  in  Canada, 
and  a  third,  who  had  hold  of  How,  had  a 
bullet  shot  through  his  powder-horn. 

Ho\y  was  liberated  from  the  "swamp"  and 
led  to  a  spot  "about  half  a  Mile"  and  "in  open 
Sight  of  the  Fort."  Passing  along  the  west 
bank  of  the  Connecticut  River,  about  three 
miles  in  a  northerly  direction  from  the  fort, 
they  observed  two  men  in  a  canoe,  paddling 
down  the  river  near  the  opposite  shore,  below 
"Taylor's  Island."  They  were  David  Rugg 

*Noah  Wright,  in  N.  E.  Hist,  and  Gen.  Reg.,  vol.  ii,  pp. 

ICoZZ.  de  M88.,  vol.  iii,  pp.  268-270. 


and  Robert  Baker.  Right  speedily  "twenty 
or  thirty  Guns"  were  discharged  at  them. 
Rugg  was  killed  instantly  in  the  canoe,  but 
Baker  succeeded  in  gaining  his  safety  with 
some  difficulty  by  reaching  the  shore.  Some 
of  the  Indians  swam  the  stretch  of  the  river, 
and  returned  with  the  canoe  to  inflict  upon  the 
warm  corpse  of  Rugg  the  indignities  of  the 
scalping-knife.  Proceeding  for  another  mile 
by  the  river  side,  they  halted  at  a  house.  At 
the  same  time  How's  son,  Caleb,  together  with 
Jonathan  Thayer  and  Samuel  Nutting,  were 
spied  by  the  Indians  running  along  the  bank, 
and  five  of  them  gave  chase  to  head  them  off. 
Fortunately  they  escaped,  presumably  by 
means  of  secreting  themselves  "under  the 
Bank  of  the  River."  The  Indians  continued 
northward  until  they  arrived  at  Black  River, 
in  the  environs  of  Fort  No.  4,  now  Charles- 
town,  N.  H.  They  then  struck  out  to  cross 
the  mountain  wilderness  of  the  present  state 
of  Vermont;  probably  came  as  far  as  what  is 
now  Larrabee's  Point,  opposite  Fort  Ticon- 
deroga;  continued  to  Crown  Point,  and  em- 
barked for  Quebec,  through  Lake  Champlain 
and  the  rivers  Sorel  and  St.  Lawrence.  We 
may  accept  How's  own  testimony  that  he  was 
not  subjected  to  any  severe  cruelties  by  his 
Indian  captors,  who  generally  were  kind  to 
him.  Only  at  Chambly  was  he  maltreated  by 
some  Iroquois  whom  he  encountered.  In  this 
he  fared  far  better  from  these  heartless  sons  of 


the  forest,  than  most  of  his  countrymen  in 
times  of  conflict.* 

As  soon  as  the  assault  on  the  Great  Meadow 
was  communicated  to  Northfield,  Ensign 
Stratton  set  out  with  ten  men  for  Fort  Dum- 
mer.  On  the  afternoon  of  the  same  day, 
Saturday,  October  i9th,  twenty-nine  men  left 
Deerfield;  marched  through  Northfield,  and 
joined  the  former  party  at  Fort  Dummer,  at 
ten  o'clock  that  night.  Meanwhile  Col.  Josiah 
Willard  had  gone  to  the  Great  Meadow,  tak- 
ing with  him  as  many  men  of  his  garrison  as 
could  be  spared.  The  forty  others  followed 
on  Sunday  morning,  and  arrived  at  the  Great 
Meadow  about  two  o'clock  in  the  afternoon. 
Willard  had  just  left  with  his  men,  and  they 
were  therefore  ordered  to  follow.  They  soon 
came  up  with  the  advance  party  and,  after 
gaining  what  information  they  could  from 
those  at  the  fort,  the  whole  scout,  consisting 
of  ninety-four  men,  began  the  march.  They 
followed  the  tracks  of  the  Indians  until  about 
sunset  df  the  2Oth,  camped,  and  on  Monday 
morning,  the  2ist,  started  for  Fort  No.  4, 
stripping  themselves  on  the  way  for  battle. 
When  they  arrived  at  No.  4  the  enemy  had 
departed  from  the  region.  Lodging  that  night 
at  the  fort,  they  began  their  homeward  march 
on  the  next  morning,  October  22d;  proceeded 
by  way  of  Upper  Ashuelot  (Keene,  N.  H.), 

*His  testimony  appears  in  his  pamphlet  and  in  his 
deposition  at  Quebec. 


and  arrived  in  Northfield  on  Wednesday, 
October  23d.* 

In  March,  1747,  thirty  or  forty  Indians 
attempted  to  burn  Shattuck's  Fort,  between 
Northfield  and  Col.  Hinsdale's  Fort.  They 
were  pursued  on  the  3ist  from  Northfield  by 
Capt.  Eleazer  Melvin  and  his  company,  as 
far  as  the  Great  Meadow,  but  the  Indians 
succeeded  in  burning  the  fort  which  the  Eng- 
lish had  deserted.t 

The  deserted  region  of  the  Great  Meadow 
began  to  be  resettled  in  February,  1755,  and 
in  the  early  part  of  that  year  the  few  new 
settlers  built  another  fort,  in  the  southeast  part 
of  the  meadow.  A  town  charter  had  been 
granted  in  advance  from  New  Hampshire, 
dated  December  a6th,  1753. 

During  the  dispute  with  New  York  over 
territorial  domain,  that  colony  gave  the  town 
a  charter,  dated  November  6th,  1766.  The 
town  was  organized  and  the  first  town  officers 
chosen,  on  May  8th,  1770.$  Its  subsequent 
history  has  been  steady  and  honorable,  but 
historic  instinct  must  ever  accord  a  high  place 
to  the  sturdy  pioneers  who  laid  the  foundation 
stones  of  its  superstructure. 

"This  analysis  is  given  with  particularity  from  Noah 
Wright,  in  N.  E.  Hist,  and  Gen.  Register,  vol.  ii,  pp.  207-208, 
because  misinterpreted  to  some  extent  in  Hemen way's 
Gazetteer,  vol.  v,  p.  253,  and  Temple  and  Sheldon's  Hist, 
of  Northfield,  p.  241. 

f  Doolittle,  p.  11,  Cf.  conflicting  statements  in  Hemen- 
way,  vol.  v,  pp.  219,  252. 

JHemenway,  pp.  220-221. 


Three  narratives  by  New  England  captives, 
during  the  Five  Years'  French  and  Indian 
war,  run  parallel  so  far  as  their  common  resi- 
dence in  Quebec  is  concerned.  They  were 
written  by  Nehemiah  How,  Rev.  John  Nor- 
ton, chaplain  of  Fort  Massachusetts,  and  Cap- 
tain William  Pote,  Jr.,  master  of  the  schooner 
Montague,  in  the  employ  of  the  Massachusetts- 
Bay  government.  The  small  but  now  exces- 
sively rare  pamphlets  of  How  and  Norton 
were  both  printed  in  the  year  1748,  while  the 
very  extensive  and  by  far  more  important 
journal  of  Pote,  lay  in  manuscript  until  its 
first  publication  in  1896.  There  are  numerous 
discrepancies  of  a  day  or  two  in  the  dates  of 
deaths  as  recorded  by  these  three  diarists,  but 
I  am  inclined  generally  to  favor  the  earliest 
date  as  the  true  one,  because  it  seems  likely 
that  each  of  them  recorded  in  his  diary  as 
soon  as  he  received  the  information.  They 
exhibit,  however,  other  vagaries  as,  for  ex- 
ample, mistakes  in  personal  and  place  nomen- 
clature, while  the  three  accounts  supplement 
each  other  as  to  material  facts. 

It  is,  no  doubt,  a  patent  fact  that  very  much 
of  the  earlier  editing  of  American  historical 
texts  was  performed  in  a  faulty  manner, 
judged  by  modern  critical  methods.  This 
we  have  found  to  be  particularly  true  of  the 
Indian  Captivities  collected  by  Samuel  G. 
Drake,  and  first  printed  for  him  in  1839.  But 
we  are  not  to  despise  pioneer  efforts  in  the 


landmarks  of  our  historical  work,  even  if  our 
verdict  is  against  their  present  service.  Drake, 
be  it  said  to  his  honor,  saved  from  oblivion 
much  that  might  otherwise  have  been  gnawed 
by  the  tooth  of  time,  and  his  work  created  an 
interest  in  a  field  which  he  made  peculiarly 
his  own.  In  the  above-mentioned  collection 
he  presented  the  first  and  only  reprint  of 
How's  pamphlet  which  has  appeared  up  to 
the  present  edition.  He  also  reprinted  for  the 
first  time  an  annotated  text  of  Norton's  work, 
as  an  appendix  to  his  Particular  History  of  the 
Five  Years'  French  and  Indian  War,  publish- 
ed at  Boston  in  1870.  At  the  same  time  he 
reissued  one  hundred  copies  separately,  with 
new  pagination  and  a  copy  of  the  original 

In  reprinting  How's  pamphlet  we  have 
had  recourse  to  a  fine  uncut  copy  in  the  New 
York  Public  Library  (Lenox  Library  Build- 
ing). It  was  purchased  at  the  first  Brinley 
sale,  in  1879,  item  481,  for  twenty- five  dollars, 
and  the  autograph  of  the  Rev.  Dr.  Edward 
Wigglesworth  on  the  title-page,  shows  that  he 
owned  it  in  1748,  the  year  of  its  publication. 
As  this  tract  seldom  appears  in  the  market, 
and  as  the  demand  for  original  early  Indian 
captivities  is  great,  it  would  be  hazardous  to 
guess  a  particular  figure  which  so  fine  a  copy 
might  fetch  to-day.  The  following  analy- 
tical collation  is  presented  for  the  service  of 
collectors  and  bibliographers: 

A  I  NARRATIVE  I  Of  the 
Captivity  I  OF  |  Hefyemtafy 

I  Who  was  taken  by  the  3tt6tanS 

at  the  Great-  \  Meadow  Fort  above  Fort-Dum- 
mer,  where  he  was  [  an  Inhabitant,  October 
llth  1745.  |  Giving  an  Account  of  what  he 
met  with  in  his  |  travelling  to  Canada,  and 
while  he  was  in  Prifon  |  there.  )  Together  with 
an  Account  of  Mr.  HOWs  Death  |  at 
Canada.  \  [Quotation  from  Psalm  cxxxvii]  \ 

BOSTON  i  N.  E.\  Printed  and  Sold 
oppofite  to  the  Prifon  in  Queen-  [  Street. 
1748.  1 

Printed  page  measures  5%  in.  height,  by  3#  in.  width; 
title,  verso  blank;  "A  Narrative,  &c.,"  pp.  3-22;  "The  Names  of 
the  Subfcribers,"  pp.  (2).  Signatures  :  A — C  in  fours. 


Nehemiah  How  belonged  to  a  worthy  fam- 
ily of  Massachusetts  Puritans.*  His  grand- 
father, John  How  or  Howe,  was  a  son  of  John 
How,  Esq.,  who  it  is  supposed  lived  in  Hodin- 
hull,  Warwickshire,  England,  and  was  con- 
nected with  the  family  of  Lord  Charles  How, 
Earl  of  Lancaster,  during  the  reign  of  Charles 
I.  The  grandfather,  who  perhaps  first  resided 
at  Watertown,  was  admitted  a  freeman  of 
Sudbury  on  May  i3th,  1640,  and  in  1642  was 
marshal  and  one  of  the  town's  selectmen.  In 
May,  1656,  he  was  one  of  thirteen  petitioners 
for  the  grant  which  constituted  Marlborough, 
and  moved  to  that  place  in  1657,  where  he 
opened  the  first  tavern  about  1661,  and  was 
certainly  carrying  on  the  business  in  1670.  He 
built  himself  a  cabin  in  Marlborough  "a  little 
to  the  east  of  the  Indian  Planting  Field," 
where  his  descendants  lived  for  many  genera- 
tions. John  How  was  a  leading  citizen  of  the 
place,  and  died  there  on  May  28th,  1687,  his 

These  genealogical  data  are  interpreted  from  conflict- 
ing statements  in  Hudson's  History  of  Sudbury,  Mass.,  pp. 
38-39;  Vital  Records  of  Sudbury,  Mass.,  (1903),  pp.  73-74,  219- 
220,  311-312;  Hudson's  History  of  Marlborough,  Mass.,  pp. 
380-381;  Pierce's  History  of  Graf  ton,  Mass.,  pp.  51,  59,  507- 
508;  Temple  and  Sheldon's  History  of  Northfield,  Mass., 
pp.  468-469;  Worcester  Magazine,  vol.  ii  (1826),  p.  131; 
Memorial  of  the  Morses,  Boston,  1850,  appendix,  p.  87,  No. 
12;  and  chapter  on  "Howe  Family  in  America,"  in  Filial 
Tribute  to  Memory  of  Rev.  John  Moffat  Howe,  pp.  8,  9,  11. 


will  being  proved  in  1689.  By  his  wife,  Mary, 
he  had  ten  sons  and  two  daughters,  born  be- 
tween 1641  and  1663. 

One  of  his  sons,  Samuel,  father  of  Nehe- 
miah,  was  born  in  Sudbury,  on  October  2Oth, 
1642.  His  first  wife  was  Martha  Bent,  whom 
he  married  in  Sudbury  on  June  ^th,  1663. 
She  died  on  August  29th,  1680.  They  had 
a  numerous  issue.  His  second  consort  was  the 
widow  Sarah  (Leavitt)  Clapp,  whom  he  mar- 
ried in  Sudbury,  on  September  i8th,  1685. 
Lieut.  Samuel  How  died  at  Sudbury,  on  April 
I3th,  1713. 

Nehemiah  How  was  apparently  the  third 
child  by  the  second  marriage,  and  was  born 
in  1693  at  Marlborough  (there  is  no  entry  of 
his  birth  in  the  printed  Sudbury  vital  records) . 
He  was  in  Sudbury  in  1716;  removed  to  Graf- 
ton  in  1728,  where  he  received  a  partition  of 
five  acres  of  land,  on  May  2ist,  1733.  The 
record  shows  him  an  active  participant  at  the 
meetings  (of  the  proprietors  of  Grafton,  and 
they  sometimes  met  at  his  house.  In  1734, 
he  was  moderator  at  two  meetings  of  this 
body,  was  selectman  in  1735;  town  clerk  from 
1736-1738;  assessor  in  1737;  on  the  school 
committee  of  Grafton  in  1739,  and  constable 
in  that  year.  About  that  year  he  removed 
to  the  Great  Meadow,  as  one  of  the  original 
settlers  there.  Nehemiah  married  Margaret, 
the  daughter  of  Capt.  Benjamin  Willard,  and 
they  had  twelve  children,  as  follows: 


1.  Joshua,  b.  October  nth,  1716;  m.  Ly- 
dia  Robbins. 

2.  Submit,  b.  March  4th,  1718. 

3.  Caleb,  b.  January  3Oth,  1720;  d.  June 
2d,  1721. 

4.  Easter,  b.  April  25th,  1722. 

5.  Caleb,  b.   December  3ist,   1723;  m. 
Jemima,  widow  of  William  Phips.     She  suf- 
fered a  doleful  captivity  in  1755,  and  he  was 
scalped  and  died  on  July  28th,  1755,  in  the 
same  incursion. 

6.  Sarah,  b.  July  i3th,  1725. 

7.  Samuel,  b.  June  151)1,  1727. 

8.  Edward,  b.  May  28th,  1728. 

9.  Abner,  b.  October  2Oth,  1731. 

10.  Hannah,  b.  November  29th,  1733. 
n.  Mary,  b.  April  I2th,  1735. 

12.  Martha,  b.  September  i6th,  1738. 

The  capture  and  imprisonment  of  Nehe- 
miah  How  are  treated  fully  in  the  "Introduc- 
tion" to  this  volume.  While  in  prison  at 
Quebec,  Canada,  he  became  ill  "of  ye  Fever,"* 
about  the  middle  of  the  month  of  May,  1747, 
and  was  removed  to  "the  Hospital,"  where  he 
died  on  the  25th  of  that  month,  after  an  incar- 
ceration of  "one  Year,  seven  Months,  and  fif- 
teen Days."t  In  a  postscript  to  his  printed 
tract  some  anonymous  friend  added  this  trib- 
ute: "He  was  a  loving  Husband,  and  a  tender 
Father;  greatly  belov'd  by  his  Brethren  and 

*Pote's  Journal,  p.  135. 
f  How,  p.  22. 


Sisters,  and  indeed  by  every  One  who  was 
acquainted  with  him:  Mr.  How  was  a  Per- 
son who  had  behav'd  himself  as  a  Christian 
from  his  Youth.  His  Death  is  a  great  Loss 
to  his  Friends;  but  I  believe  a  Gain  to  him- 
self; and  that  he  is  gone  from  a  Captivity  of 
Sorrow  on  Earth,  to  join  in  Songs  of  everlast- 
ing Joy  among  the  Ransom'd  of  the  Lord  in 
the  heavenly  Zion."*  His  fellow  prisoner, 
jPote,  recorded  in  his  journal  that  How  was  "a 
Good  Pious  old  Gentleman  .  .  .  and 
ye  most  Contented  and  Easey  of  any  man  In 
ye  Prison."t 


New  York,  January  9th,  1904. 

*How,  p.  22. 
fPote,  p.  135. 


BOSTON,    1748 

Reprinted  from  a  copy  of  the  original  edition 

in  the  New  York  Public  Library 

(Lenox  Building) 



Of  the  Captivity 

O  F 

Who  was  taken  by  the  Jfllllang  **  the 
Meadow  Fort  above  Fort-Dummer,  where  be  was 
an  Inhabitant^  Oftober  nth  1745. 

Giving  an  Account  of  what  he  met  with  in  hi* 
travelling  to  Canada^  and  while  he  was  in  Prifon 

Together  with  an  Account   of  Mr.  HQW**   Death 

at  Canada. 

Pfal.  cxxxvii.  1,2,3,4.  By  tbeRiversof  Babylon^  there 
we  fat  down  —We  bangtd  our  Harps  upon  the  Wil- 
tows,  in  tie  midjt  thereof.  For  tbere  t&ey  that  car- 
ried us  away  captive,  required  of  us  a  Song  >  and 
tbey  that  wafted  us\  required  of  us  Mirth*  faying^ 
Sing  tes  one  of  the  Songs  of  Zion.  How  /ball  we 
Jlftg  the  Lord's  Song  in  a  ftrange  Land. 

BOSTON:    N.  E. 
Printed  and  Sold  oppofue  to  the  Prifon  in  Queen 
Street,     1748. 


[3]  HOW'S  NARRATIVE  &c. 

AT  the  Great  -  Meadow  -  Fort*  fourteen 
Miles  above  Fort-Dummer,  October  nth 
1745,  where  I  was  an  Inhabitant,  I  went 
out  from  the  Fort  about  50  Rods  to  cut  Wood; 
and  when  I  had  done,  I  walk'd  towards  the 
Fort,  but  in  my  Way  heard  the  crackling  of 
Fences  behind  me,  &  turning  about,  faw  12  or 
13  Indians,  with  red  painted  Heads,  running 
after  me :  On  which  I  cry'd  to  God  for  Help, 
and  ran,  and  hollow' d  as  I  ran,  to  alarm  the 
Fort;  but  by  that  I  had  ran  ten  Rods,  the  In- 
dians came  up  with  me  and  took  hold  of  me : 
At  the  fame  Time  the  Men  at  the  Fort  fhot  at 
the  Indians,  and  kill'd  one  on  the  Spot,  wound- 
ed another,  who  died  fourteen  Days  after  he 
got  Home,  and  likewife  fhot  a  Bullet  thro7  the 
Powder-Horn  of  one  that  had  hold  of  me. 
They  then  led  me  into  the  Swampt  and 
pinion'd  me.  I  then  committed  my  Cafe  to 
God,  and  Pray'd,  that  fince  it  was  his  Will  to 
deliver  me  into  the  Hands  of  thefe  cruel  Men, 
I  might  find  Favour  in  their  Eyes:  Which 

*Now  Putney,  Windham  County,  Vt.  The  history  of 
this  incursion  is  given  in  extenso,  in  the  Introduction  to 
this  volume. 

tProbably  where  the  creek  now  is. — David  L.  Mansfield, 
in  Hemenway's  Gazetteer,  vol.  v,  p.  252. 


Requef t,God  of  his  infinite  Mercy  was  pleafed 
to  grant;  for  they  were  generally  kind  to  me 
while  I  was  with  'em :  Some  of  the  Indians, 
at  that  Time,  took  the  Charge  of  [4]  me,  oth- 
ers ran  into  the  Field  to  kill  Cattle.  They  led 
me  about  half  a  Mile;  where  we  ftaid  in  open 
Sight  of  the  Fort,  'till  the  Indians  who  were 
killing  Cattle  came  to  us  laden  with  Beef: 
Then  they  went  a  little  further  to  a  Houfe, 
where  they  ftay'd  to  cut  the  Meat  from  the 
Bones,  and  cut  the  Helve  off  my  Ax,  and  ftuck 
it  into  the  Ground,  pointing  the  Way  we  went. 
Then  we  traveled  along  by  the  River  Side;* 
and  when  we  got  about  three  Miles,  I  efpied 
a  Canoe  coming  down  on  the  further  Side  the 
River,  with  David  Rugg  and  Robert  Baker 
belonging  to  our  Fort.  I  made  as  much 
Noife  as  I  could,  by  Hamming  &c.  that  they 
might  fee  us  before  the  Indians  faw  them,  and 
fo  get  afhore,  and  happily  efcape;  but  the 
Indians  faw  them,  and  fhot  a-crofs  the  River 
twenty  or  thirty  Guns  at  them,  and  kill'd  the 
firft  mentioned  Perfon,  viz.  David  Rugg,  but 
Robert  Baker  the  other  Perfon  got  afhore,  and 
efcaped.  Then  fome  of  the  Indians  fwam 
over  the  River,  &  bro't  the  Canoe  over  the 
River,  fcalp'd  &  ftript  the  dead  Man,  and 
then  went  about  a  Mile  further,  when  we  came 
to  another  Houfe,  where  we  ftop'd;  while 
there,  we  heard  Men  running  by  the  Bank  of 
the  River,  whom  I  knew  to  be  Jonathan  Thay- 

*Connecticut  River. 


er,  Samuel  Nutting,  &  my  Son  Caleb  How: 
Five  of  the  Indians  ran  to  head  them.  My 
Heart  ak'd  for  them,  &  pray'd  to  God  to  fave 
them  from  the  Hands  of  the  Enemy.  I  fup- 
pofe  they  hid  under  the  Bank  of  the  River; 
for  the  Indians  were  gone  fome  Time,  but 
came  back  without  them,  bleffed  be  God. 

We  went  about  a  Mile  further,  where  we 
lodged  that  Night,  and  roafted  the  Meat  they 
had  got:  The  next  Day  we  traveled  very  flow, 
by  Reafon  of  the  In-  [5]  dian  who  was  wound- 
ed, which  was  a  great  Favour  to  me.  We 
lodgM  the  fecond  Night  againft  Number 
Four'*  the  third  Day  we  likewife  traveled 
flowly,  and  ftop'd  often  to  reft,  &  to  get  along 
the  wounded  Man;  we  lodg'd  that  Night  by 
the  fecond  fmall  Rivert  that  runs  into  the 
great  River  againft  Numb.  Four. 

The  fourth  Day  Morning,  the  Indians  held 
a  Piece  of  Bark,  and  bid  me  write  my  Name, 
&  how  many  Days  we  had  traveled;  for,  faid 
they,  May  be  Englifh-Men  will  come  here. 
That  was  a  hard  Day  to  me ;  for  it  was  a  wet 
Day,  and  we  went  over  prodigious  Mountains, 
fo  that  I  became  weak  &  faint;  for  I  had  not 
eaten  the  value  of  one  Meal  from  the  Time  I 
was  taken,  having  nothing  to  eat  but  Beef 

*Now  Charlestown,  N.  H.,  so  called  in  honor  of  Sir 
Charles  Knowles.  In  1745  it  was  the  most  northern  settle- 
ment on  the  Connecticut  River. 

tBlack  River,  located  on  the  Morris  Map,  1749,  pub- 
lished with  William  Pote's  Journal',  also  on  Sauthier's  map 
of  New  York,  1779. 


almoft  raw,  without  Bread  or  Salt.  When  I 
came  firft  to  the  Foot  of  thofe  Hills,  I  tho't  it 
was  impoffible  for  me  to  afcend  them,  without 
immediate  Help  from  God;  therefore  my  con- 
ftant  Recourfe  was  to  him  for  Strength ;  which 
he  was  gracioufly  pleafed  to  grant  me;  and 
for  which  I  defire  to  Praife  him.  We  got 
that  Day  a  little  before  Night  to  a  Place  where 
they  had  a  hunting  Houfe,  a  Kettle,  fome 
Beef,*  Indian  Corn,  and  Salt:  They  boil'd  a 
good  Mefs  of  it;  I  drank  of  the  Broth,  eat  of 
the  Meat  &  Corn,  and  was  wonderfully  re- 
frefhed,  fo  that  I  felt  like  another  Man. 

The  next  Morning  we  got  up  early,  and 
after  we  had  eaten,  my  Mafter  faid  to  me, 
You  muft  quick  walk  to  Day,  or  I  will  kill 
you.  I  told  him  I  would  go  as  f aft  as  I  could, 
and  no  f  after,  if  he  did  kill  me:  At  which, 
an  old  Indian  who  was  the  beft  Friend  I  had, 
took  Care  of  me.  We  traveled  that  Day  very 
hard,  and  over  fteep  Hills,  but  it  being  a  cool 
windy  [6]  Day,  I  performed  it  with  more 
Eafe  than  before;  yet  I  was  much  tired  before 
Night,  but  dare  not  complain. 

The  next  Day  the  Indians  gave  me  a  Pair 
of  their  Shoes,  fo  that  I  travel'd  with  abundant 
more  Eafe  than  when  I  wore  my  own  Shoes ; 
tho'  I  eat  but  very  little,  our  Victuals  being 
almoft  fpent;  when  the  Sun  was  about  two 
Hours  high,  the  Indians  fcattered  to  hunt,  and 

*Misprinted  "Beer"  in  the  original,  but  corrected  by  a 
contemporary  hand  in  the  copy  used  for  this  reprint. 


they  foon  kill'd  a  Fawn,  &  three  fmall  Bears; 
fo  that  we  had  again  Meat  enough,  fome  of 
which  we  boil'd,  and  eat  heartily  of,  by  which 
I  felt  ftrong. 

The  next  Day  we  traveled  very  hard,  and 
perform'd  it  with  Eafe;  infomuch  that  one  of 
the  Indians  told  me,  I  was  a  very  ftrong  Man : 
About  three  of  the  Clock  we  came  to  the 
Lake,*  where  they  had  five  Canoes,  and  Pork, 
Indian  Corn,  &  Tobacco.  We  got  into  the 
Canoes,  when  the  Indians  ftuck  up  a  Pole 
about  eight  Feet  long  with  the  Scalp  of  David 
Rugg  on  the  Top  of  it,  painted  red,  with  the 
Likenefs  of  Eyes  and  Mouth  on  it:  We 
fail'd  about  ten  Miles,  and  then  went  on 
Shore;  and  after  we  had  made  a  Fire,  we 
boil'd  a  good  Supper,  and  eat  heartily. 

The  next  Day  we  fet  fail  for  Crown-Point, 
but  when  we  were  within  a  Mile  of  the  Place, 
they  went  on  Shore,  where  were  eight  or  ten 
French  &  Indians,  but  before  I  got  on  Shore 
two  of  them  came  running  into  the  Water 
Knee  deep,  and  pull'd  me  out  of  the  Canoe; 
there  they  fang  and  danced  round  me,  after 
which  one  of  them  bid  me  fet  down,  which  I 
did;  and  then  they  pull'd  off  my  Shoes  and 
Buckles,  and  [7]  took  them  from  me.  Soon 
after  we  went  along  to  Crown-Point,  and  when 
we  got  there,  the  People  both  French  and 
Indians  were  very  thick  by  the  Water-Side; 

*Probably  they  embarked  nearly  opposite  Ticonderoga, 
at  about  the  present  Larrabee's  Point. 


two  of  the  Indians  took  me  out  of  the  Canoe, 
and  leading  me,  bid  me  run,  which  we  did;  it 
was  about  twenty  Rods  from  the  Fort;  the 
Fort  is  large,  built  with  Stone  &  Lime;  they 
led  me  up  to  the  third  Loft,  where  was  the 
Captain's  Chamber;  a  Chair  was  bro't  that  I 
might  fet  by  the  Fire  and  warm  me.  Soon 
after  the  Indians  that  I  belonged  to,  and  others 
that  were  there,  came  into  the  Chamber, 
among  whom  was  one  I  knew,  named  Peal- 
tomy-  he  came  and  fpake  to  me,  and  fhook 
Hands  with  me;  and  I  was  glad  to  fee  him: 
He  went  out,  but  foon  return'd  and  brought 
to  me  another  Indian  named  Amrufus*  Huf- 
band  to  Mrs.  Eunice  Williams,  Daughter  of 
the  late  Rev.  Mr.  Williams^  of  Deer  field'  he 
was  glad  to  fee  me,  and  I  to  fee  him.  He 
afked  me  after  his  Wife's  Relations,  and 

*Bunice  Williams,  born  on  September  16th,  1696, 
daughter  of  Rev.  John  Williams,  of  Deerfield,  Mass.,  was 
carried  captive  to  Canada  in  1704.  She  remained  there 
and  married  an  Indian,  assumed  Indian  habits,  and  forgot 
what  English  she  had  known.  In  Canada  she  died  at  the 
age  of  about  ninety  years.  The  Rev.  Eleazer  Williams,  her 
great-grandson,  stated  that  she  married  an  Indian  by  the 
name  of  De  Rogers,  but  I  believe  How  is  nearer  the  truth, 
since  De  Rogers  may  have  been  phonetically  misunderstood 
for  Amrusus. — Williams  Genealogy.  Greenfield,  1847,  pp. 
92,  ff. 

tRev.  John  Williams,  first  minister  of  Deerfield,  was 
captured  there  by  French  and  Indians  on  February  29th, 
1703-4.  He  was  carried  into  captivity  to  Canada;  was 
redeemed,  and  left  Quebec  on  October  25th,  1706,  for  Boston, 
where  he  arrived  on  November  21st.  He  published  an 
account  of  his  captivity,  namely,  The  Redeemed  Captive, 
Returning  to  Zion.  Boston:  B.  Green,  1707.  A  second 
edition  was  printed  during  his  lifetime,  and  there  have 
been  many  editions  since. 


fhew'd  a  great  deal  of  Refpect  to  me.  A 
while  after  this,  the  Indians  fat  in  a  Ring  in 
the  Chamber,  and  Pealtomy  came  to  me,  and 
told  me,  I  muft  go  fing  and  dance  before  the 
Indians;  I  told  him,  I  could  not:  He  told 
me  over  fome  Indian  Words,  and  bid  me  fing 
them:  I  told  him,  I  could  not.  With  that 
the  reft  of  the  Fort  who  could  fpeak  fome 
Englifh  came  to  me,  &  bid  me  fing  it  in  Eng- 
lifh,  which  was,  I  don't  know  where  I  go\ 
which  I  did,  dancing  round  that  Ring  three 
Times ;  and  then  I  fat  down  by  the  Fire :  The 
Prieft  came  to  me,  and  gave  me  a  Dram  of 
Rum;  after  that  the  Captain  brought  me  Part 
of  a  Loaf  of  Bread  and  a  Plate  of  Butter,  and 
afk'd  me  [8]  to  eat,  which  I  did  heartily;  for 
I  had  not  eaten  any  Bread  from  the  Time  I 
was  taken  till  then.  The  French  Prieft  and 
all  the  Officers  fhew'd  me  a  great  deal  of 
Refpect:  The  Captain  gave  me  a  Pair  of 
good  Buckfkin  Shoes,  the  Prieft  fix'd  them  on 
my  Feet;  and  we  ftay'd  there  that  Night; 
where  I  flept  with  the  Prieft,  Captain  & 
Lieut:  The  Lieutenant's  Name  was  Ballock* 
he  had  been  a  Prifoner  at  Bofton,  and  had 
been  at  Northampton  and  the  Towns  there- 
abouts. This  Day,  which  was  the  Sabbath,  I 
was  well  treated  by  the  French  Officers  with 
Victuals  and  Drink:  We  tarried  there  'till 
Noon,  then  went  off  about  a  Mile,  and  put  on 

*No  doubt  this  refers  to  Sieur  de  Beaulac,  "a  reformed 
lieutenant,"  who  commanded  at  Fort  Chambly  in  1746. — 
N.  Y.  Col.  Docs.,  vol.  x,  p.  36. 


Shore;  where  they  ftay'd  the  reft  of  the  Day, 
and  having  Rum  with  them,  moft  of  them 
were  much  Liquor'd.  Pealtomy  and  his 
Squaw,  and  another  Indian  Family  went  with 
us,  and  by  them  I  found  out  that  Wm.  Phips* 
kill'd  an  Indian,  befides  that  wet  wounded  be- 
fore he  was  kill'd,  for  an  Indian  who  was  with 
us,  afk'd  me,  if  there  was  one  kill'd  near  our 
Fort  laft  Summer?  I  told  him,  I  did  not 
know:  He  faid  he  had  a  Brother  went  out 
then,  and  had  not  feen  him  fince,  and  that  he 
had  heard  he  was  kill'd  at  our  Fort,  and 
wanted  to  know  if  it  was  true :  But  I  did  not 
think  it  beft  to  tell  him  any  fuch  Thing  was 

But  the  Indians  now  got  into  a  Frolick  and 
quarel'd  about  me;  they  made  me  fet  in  the 
Canoe  by  the  Water-fide:  I  was  afraid  they 
would  hurt  if  not  kill  me:  They  attempted 
to  come  to  me,  but  the  fober  Indians  hinder'd 
them  that  were  in  Liquor.  Pealtomy  feeing 
the  Rout  went  to  the  Fort,  and  foon  after 
Lieut.  Ballock,  with  fome  Soldiers,  came  to  us, 
[9]  and  when  the  Indians  were  made  eafy, 
they  went  away :  We  lodg'd  there  that  Night, 
and  the  next  Day  was  a  ftormy  Day  of  Wind 

*William  Phips  was  one  of  the  original  settlers  of  the 
Great  Meadow  (Putney,  Vt).  He  was  captured  by  the 
Indians  on  July  5th,  1745,  while  hoeing  in  his  corn-field  at 
the  south-west  corner  of  the  meadow,  and  he  was  butchered 
about  a  half  mile  from  the  place,  but  not  without  his  first 
succeeding  in  killing  one  of  his  captors  and  mortally 
wounding  another. — Cf.  Doolittle's  Short  Narrative.  Bos- 
ton, 1750,  p.  2;  N.  E.  Hist,  and  Gen.  Register,  vol.  ix,  p.  163. 

tA  misprint  in  the  original  for  "he." 


Snow  &  Rain ;  fo  that  we*  forc'd  to  tarry  there 
that  Day  and  the  next  Night;  in  this  Time  the 
Indians  continued  fetching  Rum  from  the 
Fort,  and  kept  half  drunk:  Here  I  under- 
went fome  Hardfhip  by  ftaying  there  fo  long 
in  a  Storm  without  Shelter  or  Blanket.  They 
had  a  great  Dance  that  Night,  and  hung  up 
David  Rugg's  Scalp  on  a  Pole,  dancing  round 
it:  After  they  had  done,  they  lay  down  to 

The  next  Morning,  which  was  the  tenth 
Day  from  the  Time  of  my  being  taken,  we 
went  off  in  a  Canoe,  and  the  Night  after  we 
arrivM  at  the  wide  LakeJ  and  there  we  stay'd 
that  Night;  fome  of  the  Indians  went  a  hunt- 
ing, and  kill'd  a  fat  Buck-Deer,  fo  that  we  had 
Victuals  plenty,  for  we  had  a  full  Supply  of 
Bread  given  us  at  the  Fort  at  Crown-Point. 

The  next  Morning  the  Wind  being  calm, 
we  fet  out  about  two  Hours  before  Day;  foon 
after  came  to  a  Schooner  lying  at  Anchor, 
went  on  Board,  the  French  treated  us  very 
civilly:  'They  gave  each  of  us  a  Dram  of 
Rum,  and  Victuals  to  eat.  As  foon  as  it  was 
Day  we  left  the  Schooner,  &  two  Hours  before 
Sun-fet  got  over  the  Lake,  &  next  Day  came 
to  Shamballee,i  where  we  met  300  French 
and  200  Indians,  who  did  the  Mifchief  at  & 

*The  omission  of  "were"  is  so  in  the  original. 

tLake  Champlain. 

JFort  Chambly,  named  from  Jacques  de  Chambly, 
founder  of  the  seigniory  of  Chambly.  How's  form  is  merely 
one  of  several  phonetical  spellings  which  are  numerous  in 
the  documents. 


about  Mr.  Lydius^  Fort.*  I  was  taken  out 
of  the  Canoe  by  two  Frenchmen,  and  fled  to 
a  Houfe  about  ten  Rods  off  as  faft  as  I  could 
run,  the  Indians  flinging  Snow-Balls  at  me. 
As  foon  as  I  got  to  the  Houfe,  the  Indians 
ftood  round  me  very  thick,  and  bid  me  fing  & 
dance;  which  I  did  with  [10]  them,  in  their 
Way,  then  they  gave  a  Shout,  and  left  off.  Two 
of  them  came  to  me,  one  of  whom  fmote  me  on 
one  Cheek,  to'thert  on  the  other,  which  made 
the  Blood  run  plentifully.  Then  they  bid  me 
fing  and  dance  again,  which  I  did  with  them, 
and  they  with  me,  fhouting  as  before.  Then 
two  French  Men  took  me  under  each  Arm, 
and  run  fo  faft  that  the  Indians  could  not  keep 
up  with  us  to  hurt  me:  We  ran  about  40 
Rods  to  another  Houfe;  where  a  Chair  was 
bro't  for  me  to  fet  down:  The  Houfe  was 
foon  full  of  French  &  Indians,  and  round  the 
Houfe  they  were  looking  in  at  the  Windows. 
A  French  Gentleman  came  to  me,  took  me  by 
the  Hand,  and  led  me  into  a  fmall  Room, 
where  none  came  in  but  fuch  as  he  admitted: 
He  gave  me  Victuals  and  Drink:  Several 
French  Gentlemen  and  Indians  came  in,  and 
were  civil  to  me.  The  Indians  who  came  in, 
could  fpeak  Englifh;  they  fhook  Hands  with 
me,  calPd  me,  Brother.  They  told  me  they 
were  all  Soldiers,  and  were  going  to  New- 

*Fort  Edward,  often  called  Fort  Lydius,  after  John 
Henry  Lydius,  who  was  governor  there  for  many  years. 
tA  vagary  for  "t'other." 


England:  They  faid,  they  fhould  go  to  my 
Town ;  which  was  a  great  Damp  to  my  Spirit, 
'till  I  heard  of  their  Return,  where  they  had 
been,  and  what  they  had  done.  A  while  after 
this,  the  Indians  whom  I  belonged  to,  came  to 
me,  and  told  me  we  muft  go;  which  we  did; 
and  after  going  down  the  River  about  two 
Miles,  we  came  to  the  thickeft  of  the  Town, 
where  was  a  large  Fort  built  with  Stone  and 
Lime,  &  very  large  and  fine  Houfes  in  it; 
where  was  the  General  of  the  Army  I  fpake 
of  before:  He  afked  me,  what  News  from 
London  and  Bofton]  I  told  him  fuch  as  I  tho't 
convenient,  and  omitted  the  reft;  and  then 
[11]  went  down  to  the  Canoes,  when  fome  of 
the  Indians  went  and  got  a  plenty  of  Bread  & 
Beef,  which  they  put  into  the  Canoes,  and  then 
we  went  into  a  French  Houfe,  where  we  had 
a  good  Supper:  There  came  in  feveral  French 
Gentlemen  to  fee  me,  who  were  civil  to  me; 
one  of  them  gave  me  a  Crown  Sterl.  We 
lodg'd  there  'till  about  two  Hours  before  Day, 
when  we  arofe,  and  went  down  the  River;* 
I  fuppofe  we  went  a  Hundred  Milest  that 
Day,  which  bro't  us  into  the  great  River  call'd 
Quebec-River'  we  lodg'd  that  Night  in  a 
French  Houfe,  and  were  civilly  treated. 

The  next  Day  we  went  down  the  River,  and 
I  was  carried  before  the  Governour  there, 

*The  Sorel  River,  also  called  Richelieu  and  Chambly. 
tEvidently  an  exaggeration,  unless  the  distance  includ- 
ed the  Sorel  and  part  of  the  St.  Lawrence. 


which  was  the  Sabbath,  and  the  i6th  Day 
after  my  being  taken.  We  ftay'd  there  about 
three  Hours,  and  were  well  treated  by  the 
French ;  and  then  the  Indians  were  order'd  to 
carry  me  down  to  Quebeck\  which  was  90 
Miles  further:  We  went  down  the  River 
about  three  Miles  that  Night;  then  went 
afhore,  and  lodg'd  the  remainder  of  the  Night. 

The  next  Morning  we  fet  off,  and  the 
fecond  Day  which  was  the  i8th  from  the  Time 
I  was  taken,  we  arrived  at  Quebec.  The  Land 
is  inhabited  on  both  Sides  the  River  from  the 
Lake  to  Quebec,  which  is  at  leaft  two  Hun- 
dred Miles,  but  efpecially  from  Shamballe 
very  thick,  fo  that  the  Houfes  are  within  Sight 
of  one  another  all  the  Way. 

But  to  return;  after  we  arrived  at  Quebec, 
I  was  carried  up  into  a  large  Chamber  which 
was  full  of  Indians,  who  were  civil  to  me: 
Many  of  the  French  came  in  to  fee  me,  and 
were  very  kind  to  me:  I  [12]  ftay'd  there 
about  two  Hours,  when  a  French  Gentleman 
who  could  fpeak  good  Englifh  came  in  and 
told  me,  I  muft  go  with  him  to  the  Governour ; 
which  I  did;  and  after  anfwering  to  a  great 
many  Queftions,*  and  treated  with  as  much 
Bread  &  Wine  as  I  defired,  I  was  fent  with 
an  Officer  to  the  Guard  Houfe,  and  led  into 
a  fmall  Room,  where  was  an  Englifh-Man 

*The  nature  of  the  questions  and  How's  replies  are 
given  in  Collection  de  Manuscrits  relatifs  a  la  Nouvelle- 
France,  vol.  iii,  pp.  268-270. 


named  William  Stroud,  a  Kinfman  of  the 
Hon.  Judge  Lynde's  in  New-England:  He 
belong'd  to  South-Carolina,  and  had  been  at 
Quebec  fix  Years,  whom  the  Governour  kept 
confin'd  for  fear  he  fhou'd  leave  them  and  go 
to  New-England,  and  difcover  their  Strength : 
Mr.  Stroud  and  I  were  kept  in  the  Guard- 
Houfe  one  Week,  with  a  Sufficiency  of  Food 
and  Drink:  The  French  Gentlemen  kept 
coming  in  to  fee  me,  &  was  very  civilly  treated 
by  them:  I  had  the  better  Opportunity  of 
difcourfing  with  them  as  Mr.  Stroud  was  a 
good  Interpreter. 

After  this  we  were  fent  to  Prifon,  where  I 
found  one  James '  Kinlade*  who  was  taken  14 
Days  before  I  was,  at  Sheepfcot  at  the  Eaft- 
ward  in  New-England:  I  was  much  pleafed 
with^his  Converfation,  ef teeming  him  a  Man 
of  true  Piety:  We  were  kept  in  Prifon  eight 
Days,  with  Liberty  to  keep  in  the  Room  with 
the  Prifon-keeper.  We  were  daily  vifited 
by  Gentlemen  and  Ladies,  who  fhew'd  us 
great  Ki'ndnefs,  in  giving  us  Money  and  other 
Things,  and  a  pleafant  Behaviour  towards  us; 
bleffed  be  God  therefor,  for  I  def ire  to  afcribe 
all  the  Favours  I  have  been  the  Partaker  of 
ever  fince  my  Captivity,  to  the  abundant 

*Kincaid,  Kinkead  or  Kinkhead  is  of  Gaelic  origin, 
and  in  Scotland  is  written  Kincade.  He  was  captured  on 
September  27th,  1745.  His  deposition  to  the  French  is 
printed  in  Coll  de  MSS.  relatifs  d  la  N.-F.,  vol.  iii,  pp.  261- 


Grace  &  Goodnefs  of  a  bountiful  God,  as  the 
firft  Caufe. 

[13]  After  this,  Mr.  Kinlade  and  I  were 
fend*  to  another  Prifon,  where  were  22  Sea- 
men belonging  to  feveral  Parts  of  our  King's 
Dominions,  three  of  them  Captains  of  Veffels, 
viz  James  Southerland^  of  Cape-Cod,  Wil- 
liam ChipmarA  of  Marblehead,  William 
Pote§  of  Caj 'co-Bay;  this  Prifon  was  a  large 
.House  built  with  Stone  &  Lime  two  Feet  thick, 
and  about  120  Feet  long.  We  had  two  large 
Stoves  in  it,  &  Wood  enough,  fo  that  we  could 
keep  ourfelves  warm  in  the  coldeft  Weather. 
We  had  Provifion  fufficient,  viz.  two  Pound 
of  good  Wheat  Bread,  one  Pound  of  Beef,  and 
Peas  anfwerable,  to  each  Man  ready  drefs'd 
every  day.ll 

When  I  had  been  there  a  few  Days  the 
Captives  defir'd  me  to  lead  them  in  carrying 

*So  printed  in  the  original. 

tJames  Sutherland,  commander  of  the  schooner  Sea- 
flower.  He  was  captured  in  Annapolis  Basin,  Nova  Scotia, 
with  Captain  William  Pote,  Jr.,  and  the  full  details  are 
recorded  in  the  Journal  of  the  latter. 

^William  Chapman  was  captured  with  his  brigantine 
while  "Bound  from  Maryland  to  London,"  on  May  24th, 
1745. — Pote's  Journal,  p.  80. 

§His  personal  history  is  given  in  the  appendix  to  his 
newly-found  journal,  edited  by  me  for  Bishop  John  P. 
Hurst.— The  Journal  of  Captain  William  Pote,  Jr.,  during 
his  Captivity  in  the  French  and  Indian  War  from  May, 
1745,  to  August,  1747.  New  York:  Dodd,  Mead  &  Company, 
1896.  8vo,  pp.  xxxvii+223,  with  Charles  Morris's  map  of 
1749.  In  this  work  I  have  recorded  the  personal  history  of 
nearly  all  the  captives  referred  to  in  How's  pamphlet. 

IIHow  was  brought  to  this  prison  on  Sunday,  November 
17th,  1745. 


on  Morning  and  Evening  Devotion,  which  I 
was  willing  to  do:  We  had  a  Bible,  a  Pf aim- 
Book,  and  fome  other  good  Books;  our  con- 
ftant  Practice  was  to  read  a  Chapter  in  the 
Bible,  and  fing  Part  of  a  Pfalm,  and  to  pray, 
Night  and  Morning. 

When  I  was  at  the  firft  Prifon  I  was  ftript 
of  all  my  old  and  loufey  Cloaths,  and  had 
other  Cloathing  given  me  from  Head  to  Foot, 
and  had  many  Kindneffes  fhewn  me  by  thofe 
that  liv'd  thereabouts,  more  efpecially  by  one 
Mr.  Corby  and  his  Wife,  who  gave  me  Money 
there,  and  brought  me  many  good  Things  at 
the  other  Prifon.  But  here  I  was  taken  ill, 
as  was  alfo  moft  of  the  other  Prifoners,  with  a 
Flux,  which  lafted  near  a  Month,  fo  that  I 
was  grown  very  weak,  but  after  that  I  was 
healthful,  thro'  divine  Goodnefs,  bleffed  be 
God  for  it:  I  was  much  concern'd  for  my 
Country,  efpecially  for  the  Place  I  was  taken 
from,  [14]  by  Reafon  that  I  met  an  Army 
going  thither,  as  they  told  me :  The  ayth  Day 
of  November*  we  had  News  come  to  the 
Prifon  that  they  were  come  back  to  Shamballe, 
and  had  taken  upwards  of  a  Hundred  Cap- 
tives, which  increas'd  my  Concern,  for  I  ex- 
pected our  Fort,  &  others  thereabouts,  were 
deftroy'd,  which  put  me  upon  earneft  Prayer 
to  God,  that  he  would  give  me  Grace  to  fubmit 

"This  information  supplies  a  partial  gap  in  Pole's 
Journal.  It  refers  to  the  attack  on  Saratoga,  the  present 
Schuylerville,  on  the  night  of  November  28  and  29  (new 
style),  1745. 


to  his  Will;  after  which  I  was  eafy  in  my 

About  a  Fortnight  after,*  a  Dutchman  was 
bro't  to  Prifon,  who  was  one  of  the  Captives 
the  f aid  Army  had  taken ;  he  told  me  they  had 
burnt  Mr.  Ly dins' s  Fort,  and  all  the  Houfes 
at  that  new  Townfhip,  and  had  kill'd  Capt. 
Schylerf  and  five  or  fix  more,  and  had  brought 
50  Whites  and  about  60  Negroes  to  Montreal: 
I  was  forry  to  hear  of  fo  much  Mifchief  done, 
but  rejoyc'd  they  had  not  been  upon  our  River 
and  the  Towns  thereabouts ;  for  which  I  gave 
Thanks  to  God  for  his  great  Goodnefs  in  pre- 
ferving  them,  and  particularly  my  Family. 

When  Chriftmas  came,t  the  Governour  fent 
us  24  Livres ;  the  Lord-Intendant  came  into 
the  Prifon  and  gave  us  24  Livres  more,  which 
was  about  two  Guineas :  He  told  us  he  hop'd 
we  fhould  be  fent  Home  in  a  little  Time;  he 
was  a  pleafant  Gentleman,  and  very  kind  to 
the  Captives:  Some  time  after  Mr.  Shearly§ 
a  Gentleman  of  Quality  came  to  us,  and  gave 
to  the  three  Sea  Captains  24  Livres,  and  to  me 
twelve,  and  the  next  Day  fent  me  a  Bottle  of 
Claret  Wine.  About  ten  Days  after  he  fent 

*December  llth  (old  style).— Pote,  p.  85. 

tApparently  Capt.  Nicholas  Schuyler  is  meant,  but  he 
was  not  killed. 

IThe  Canadians  of  course  celebrated  Christmas  eleven 
days  earlier  than  the  New  Englanders,  or  according  to 
"new  style." — Cf.  Pote,  p.  85,  under  date  of  December  15th. 

§M.  de  Chalet,  interpreter  of  the  King.  This  visit  was 
made  on  January  10th,  1745-6.— Cf.  Pote,  p.  85. 


me  twelve  Livres  more;  it  was  in  all  eight 
Pounds  old  Tenor. 

[15]  January  2Oth  1745,  6.  Eighteen  Cap- 
tives* were  brought  from  Montreal  to  the 
Prifon  at  Quebec,  which  is  180  Miles. 

February  22.  Seven  Captives  more  who 
were  taken  at  Albany^  were  brought  to  the 
Prifon  to  us,  viz.  fix  Men  and  one  old  Woman 
70  Years  old,  who  had  been  fo  infirm  for 
feven  Years  paft,  fhe  had  not  been  able  to 
walk  the  Streets,  yet  perform'd  this  tedious 
Journey  with  Eafe. 

March  15.  One  of  the  Captives  taken  at 
Albany  after  14  or  15  Days  Sicknefs  died  in 
the  Hofpital  at  Quebec,  a  Man  of  a  fober 
pious  Converfation,  his  Name  was  Lawrence 
Plafjer,\  a  German  born. 

May  3d  1746.  Three  Captives  taken  at 
Number  Four,  fixteen  Miles  above  where  I 
was  taken,  viz.  Capt.  John  Spafford,  Ifaac 
Parker,  and  Stephen  Farnfworth,  were 
brought  to  Prifon  to  us;  who  informed  me 
my  Farnily  was  well  a  few  Days  before  they 
were  taken,  which  rejoyc'd  me  much.  I  was 
forry  for  the  Misfortune  of  thefe  my  Friends, 
but  was  glad  of  their  Company,  and  of  their 

"They  were  among  those  whom  Lieutenant  Marln  had 
taken  captive  at  Saratoga. — Pote,  p.  86. 

tSaratoga  is  correct. 

iDuring  the  many  months  in  which  captives  had  been 
confined  in  this  prison,  none  had  died.  Lawrence  Platter 
or  Plater,  according  to  Norton,  p.  30,  and  Pote,  p.  165,  was 
the  first  to  succumb  to  illness.  He  also  was  captured  at 


being  well  ufed  by  thofe  who  took  them :  Let 
God  have  the  Praife. 

May  14.  Two  Captives  were  brought  into 
Prifon,  viz.  Jacob  Read  and  Edward  Clout- 
man,  taken  at  a  new  Townfhip  called  Gorham- 
Town  near  Caj 'co-Bay.  They  inform'd  us  that 
one  Man,  and  four  Children  of  one  of  them 
were  kill'd  and  his  Wife  taken  at  the  fame 
Time  with  them,  &  was  in  the  Hands  of 

May  1 6.  Two  lads,  viz.  James  &  Samuel 
Anderfon,  Brothers,  taken  at  Sheepfcot  were 
bro't  to  Prifon. 

May  17.  Samuel  Burbank  &  David  Wood- 
well,  who  were  taken  at  New-Hopkington 
near  Rumford,  were  [16]  brought  to  Prifon, 
and  inform'd  us,  there  were  taken  with  them 
two  Sons  of  the  faid  Burbank,  and  the  Wife, 
two  Sons  and  a  Daughter  of  the  faid  Wood- 
well,  whom  they  left  in  the  Hands  of  the 
Indians. t 

May  24.  Thomas  Jones  of  Hollifton,  who 
was  a  Soldier  at  Contocook,  was  brought  to 
Prifon,  and  told  us,  that  one  Eltfha  Cook,  and 
a  Negro  belonging  to  the  Rev  Mr.  Stevens, 
were  kill'd,  when  he  was  taken.t 

June  i.     William  Aikings§  taken  at  Pleaf- 

*William  Bryant  and  family.     See  names  and  details 
in  Pote's  Journal,  pp.  88,  97,  104,  117. 
tCompare  Pote's  Journal,  pp.  89,  90. 
JFuller  details  are  given  in  Pote,  p.  90. 
§William  Akins  —  Pote,  p.  90. 


ant  Point  near  George's  Fort  was  brought 
alfo  to  Prifon. 

June  2.  Mr  Shearly*  brought  feveral 
Letters  of  Deacon  Timothy  Brown's  of  Lower- 
Afhuelots^  and  Money,  and  deliver'd  them  to 
me;  which  made  us  think  he  was  kill'd  or 
taken.  A  few  Days  after,  Mr.  Shearly  told 
me  he  was  taken :  I  was  glad  to  hear  he  was 

June  6.  Timothy  Cumin  gs^-  aged  60  was 
bro't  to  Prifon,  who  informed  us,  he  was  at 
Work  with  five  other  Men,  about  40  Rods 
from  the  Block-Houfe  at  George^s,  when  five 
Indians  fhot  at  them,  but  hurt  none.  The 
Men  ran  away  and  left  him  &  their  Guns  to 
the  Indians;  he  told  us  that  the  Enfign  was 
kill'd  as  he  ftood  on  the  Top  of  the  Fort,  and 
that  the  Englifh  kill'd  five  Indians  at  the  fame 

June  13.  Mr.  Shearly  bro't  to  the  Cap- 
tives fome  Letters  which  were  fent  from  Al- 
bany, and  among  them  one  from  Lieut  Gov- 
ernour1  Phipps  of  the  Maffachufetts-Bay,  to 
the  Governour  of  Canada,  for  the  Exchange 
of  Prifoners,  which  gave  us  great  Hopes  of 
a  fpeedy  Releafe. 

June  22.  Eight  Men  were  brought  to 
Prifon,  among  whom  was  Deacon  Brown  and 

*De  Chalet. 

tNow  Swanzey,  N.  H. 

JTimothy  Cummings. 


Robert  Morfe*  [17]  who  inform  me  there 
was  fix  or  eight  Indians  kill'd  a  little  before 
they  were  taken  at  Upper-Afhuelots,  and  that 
they  learnt  by  the  Indians  who  took  them, 
there  were  fix  more  of  the  Englifh  kill'd  at 
other  Places  near  Connecticut-River ;  &  fev- 
eral  more  much  wounded;  thefe  laft,  were 
fuppos'd  to  be  the  Wife  and  Children  of  the 
aforefaid  Burbank  and  Woodwell. 

July  5.  We  fent  a  Petition  to  the  chief 
Governor  that  we  might  be  exchang'd;  and 
the  yth  Mr.  Shearly  told  us  we  fhould  be 
exchang'd  for  other  Captives  in  a  little  Time; 
which  caus'd  great  Joy  among  us :  The  fame 
Day  at  Night  John  Beman  of  Northfield  was 
bro't  to  Prifon,  who  told  us,  that  an  Expedi- 
tion againft  Canada  wras  on  Foot,  which  much 
rejoyc'd  us:  He  alfo  told  us  of  the  three 
Fights  at  Number  Four,  and  who  were  kill'd 
&  taken ;  and  of  Mifchief  done  in  feveral  other 
Places  near  Connecticut-River;  and  that  my 
Brother  Daniel  How's  Son  Daniel  was  taken 
with  him.  and  was  in  the  Hands  of  Indians, 
who  defsign'd  to  keep  him.t 

July  20.  John  Jones  a  Seaman  was  brought 
into  Prifon,  who  told  us  he  was  going  from 

*Deacon  Timothy  Brown  and  Robert  Moffat—  Potc, 
p.  91. 

tJohn  Beaumont,  Beaman  or  Bement  and  Daniel  How 
were  captured  during  an  attack  upon  a  number  of  men  at 
work  in  the  meadow  at  Bridgman's  fort,  on  the  site  of  Ver- 
non,  Vermont. — Cf.  Pote,  pp.  91,  92. 


Cape-Breton  to  Newfoundland  with  one  Eng- 
lifhman,  and  four  Frenchmen  who  had  fworn 
Allegiance  to  King  George,  and  in  the  Paf- 
fage  kill'd  the  other  Englifhman,  but  carried 
him  to  the  Bay  of  Arb,  where  there  was  an 
Army  of  French  and  Indians,  to  whom  they 
delivered  him;  and  by  them  was  fent  to  Que- 

July  21.  John  Richards  and  a  Boy  of  nine 
or  ten  Years  old,  who  belonged  to  Rochefter 
in  New-Hampfhire,  were  brought  to  Prifon, 
and  told  us,  there  were  four  Englifhmen  kill'd 
when  they  were  taken.* 

[18]  Auguft  15.  Seven  Captives,  who  with 
eight  more  taken  at  St.  John's  Ifland,  were 
bro't  to  Prifon,  and  told  us,  that  feveral  were 
kill'd  after  Quarters  were  given,  among  whom 
was  James  Owen  late  of  Brookfield  in  New- 

Auguft  16.  Thomas  Jones  late  of  Sher- 
burne  in  New-England,  after  7  or  8  Days 
Sicknefs  died:  He  gave  good  Satisfaction  as 
to  his  future  State. 

Auguft  25.  We  had  at  Canada  a  Squal  of 

September  12.  Robert  Downing  who  had 
been  a  Soldier  at  Cape-Breton,  and  was  taken 
at  St.  John's,  and  who  was  with  the  Indians 

*For  a  full  account  see  Pote,  p.  93. 
fFor  their  names  and  the  circumstances  of  their  cap- 
ture, see  Pote,  p.  93. 

tPote  calls  him  "Rob*-    Dewen." 


two  Months,  and  fufferM  great  Abufe  from 
them,  was  brought  to  Prifon. 

September  15.  Twenty-three  of  the  Cap- 
tives taken  at  Hoofuck-Fort*  were  brought  to 
Prifon,  among  whom  was  the  Reverend  Mr. 
John  Norton:  They  inform  us,  that  after 
fighting  26  Hours  with  800  French  and  In- 
dians, they  furrendered  themfelves  on  Capitu- 
lation Prif oners  of  War :  They  alf o  informed 
us,  that  Thomas  Nation^  and  Jofiah  Read\ 
were  kill'd  when  they  were  taken.  The  Names 
of  thofe  now  brought  in  Prifoners,  are  as  fol- 
lows, viz.  The  Rev.  Mr.  John  Norton,  John 
Hawks,  John  Smeed,  his  Wife  and  fix  Child- 
ren, John  Perry  and  his  Wife,  Mofes  Scot  his 
Wife  and  two  Children,  Samuel  Goodman, 
Jonathan  Bridgman,  Nathan  Ernes. §  Jofcph 
Scot,  Amos  Pratt,  Benjamin  Sinconds,  Samuel 
Lbvet,  David  Warren,  and  Phineas  Furbufh  :\\ 

*Fort  Massachusetts,  in  the  present  town  of  Adams, 
Berkshire  County,  Mass.  The  best  contemporary  account 
of  its  surrender  is  contained  in  Rev.  John  Norton's  The 
Redeemed  Captive,  Being  a  Narrative  Of  the  taking  and 
carrying  into  Captivity  The  Reverend  Mr.  John  Norton 
When  Fort  Massachusetts  Surrendered  to  a  large  Body  of 
French  and  Indians  Aug.  20th,  17^6.  Boston,  1748.  It  was 
reprinted,  by  Samuel  G.  Drake  in  1870. 

tThomas  Knowlton  was  shot  through  the  head  on  the 
morning  of  August  20th,  before  the  fort  surrendered,  "so 
that  some  of  his  brains  came  out,  yet  life  remained  in  him 
for  some  hours." — Norton,  p.  8. 

iJosiah  Reed  had  a  "long  and  tedious  sickness"  at  the 
time  of  the  surrender,  and  "either  died  of  his  illness,  or 
else  was  killed  by  the  enemy,"  on  the  following  night. — 
Norton,  pp.  12,  14. 

INathan  Barnes. 

||Phinehas  Forbush. 


The  two  laft  of  thefe  inform  me,  that  my 
Brother  Daniel  How's  Son  was  taken  from  the 
Indians,  and  lives  with  a  French  Gentleman  at 
Montreal.  There  were  four  Captives  more 
taken  at  Albany  the  laft  Summer  brought  to 
Prifon  the  fame  Day.* 

[19]  September  26.  Seventy-four  Men  and 
two  Women  taken  at  Sea  were  brought  to 

October  I.  Jacob  Shepardi  of  Wef thor- 
ough, taken  at  Hoofuck,  was  brought  to  Prif- 

Octob.  3.  Jonath.  Batherick§  was  bro't  to 

October  5.  Seventeen  Men  were  brought 
to  Prifon,  three  of  them  taken  with  Mr.  Nor- 
ton &  others,  viz.  Nath.  Hitchcock,  John 
Aldrick,\\  and  Stephen  Scot :  Richard  Subes^ 
who  was  taken  at  Ne<w-Cafco,  fays,  one  Man 
was  kill'd  at  the  fame  Time:  Alfo  Pike 

*Pote  records  the  advent  of  the  four  from  Albany, 
under  date,  of  September  24th. 

tThey  were  a  part  of  the  prisoners  captured  by  the 
French  vessels,  Le  Castor  and  L'Aurore. — Pote's  Journal, 
pp.  96-97. 

t Jacob  Shepherd  was  captured  at  Fort  Massachusetts; 
was  "a  pious  young  man,  well  beloved,"  and  died  in  cap- 
tivity on  May  30th,  1747. — Pote,  pp.  98,  136;  Norton,  p.  39. 

§This  is  an  error.  His  name  was  Jonathan  Donham 
or  Dunham,  a  soldier,  captured  with  Pote  on  May  17th, 
1745.  He  died  on  November  28th,  1746,  after  an  illness  of 
eight  or  ten  days,  of  inflammation  of  the  lungs. — Pote,  p.  98. 

1 1  John  Aldrich. — Norton,  p.  29. 

URichard  Stubs,  who  was  captured  August  26th,  1746. — 
Pote,  p.  98. 


Goo  Jen*  taken  at  Saco,  was  bro't  to  Prifon; 
he  alfo  fays,  he  had  a  Brother  kill'd  at  the 
fame  Time. 

October  12.  24  Seamen  were  bro't  to  Prif- 

October  19.  Six  Seamen  were  brought  to 

October  20.     Jacob  Read  died. 

October  23.  Edward  Cloutman  and  Rob- 
ert Dunbar  broke  Prifon,  and  went  for  New- 

October  27.  A  Man  was  brought  to  Prif- 
on, and  fays,  the  Indians  took  five  more,  and 
brought  ten  Scalps  to  Montreal. 

Nov.  i.     John  Read  died. 

Nov.  9.  John  Davis  taken  with  Mr.  Nor- 
man  died. 

Nov.  17.  Nathan  Eames  of  Marlborough 

Nov.  19.  Mr.  Adamsl  taken  at  Sheepfcot 
was  bro't  to  Prifon,  and  fays  that  James  An- 
derfon's  Father  was  kill'd,  and  his  Uncle  tak- 
en at  the  fame  Time. 

Nov.  20.  Leonard  Lydle  &  the  Widow 
Sarah  Briant,  were  married  in  Canada  by  the 
Reverend  Mr.  Norton. 

*Pike  Gordon,  son  of  Joseph  Gordon,  of  Saco. — Pote, 
p.  106. 

tThey  were  another  installment  of  prisoners  captured 
by  the  vessels  Le  Castor  and  L'Aurore. 

JThese  belonged  to  the  same  as  in  preceding  note. 
§Robert  Adams. — Pote,  p.  103;  Norton,  p.  32. 


Nov.  22.  The  above  faid  Anderfon's  Uncle 
was  brought  to  Prifon.* 

Nov.  24.  John  BradfhaiVj  who  had  not 
been  well  for  moft  of  the  Time  he  had  been  a 
Prifoner  died. 

[20]  It  is  a  very  melancholy  Time  with  us; 
there  are  now  thirty  fick,  and  Deaths  among 
us  daily. 

Nov.  28.     Jonathan  Dunham  died. 

Nov.  29.     Capt.  Bailey^  of  Almfbury  died. 

Dec.  i.     An  Albany  Mant  died. 

Dec.  6.  Pike  Goodenl  died,  and  we  have 
Reafon  to  think  he  made  a  happy  Change. 

Dec.  7.     A  GirlH  of  ten  Year's  of  Age  died. 

Dec.  1 1 .     Mofes  Scot's  Wif elf  died. 

Dec.  15.  One  of  Capt.  Roberfon's  Lieu- 
tenants died.** 

Dec.  1 8.  Daniel  Woodwelf*  Wife  died;tt 
fhe  was  efteem'd  a  pious  Woman,  and  we  be- 
lieve made  a  happy  Change. 

*Capt.  John  McNear. — Pote,  pp.  101,  104. 

tCapt.  William  Bagley  is  undoubtedly  the  correct 
name. — Pote,  p.  105;  Norton,  p.  33. 

tGeret  Vanderverick. — Pote,  pp.  105,  165.  Cf.  also  Nor- 
ton, p.  33. 

§Pike  Gordon. 

||Martha  Quackinbush.— Pote,  p.  106;  Norton,  p.  33. 

UMiriam  Scott. 

**John  Boon,  who  belonged  to  Devonshire,  England.  He 
was  an  "apprentice"  to  Capt.  David  Roberts,  captured  at 
sea,  May  1st,  1746,  by  L'Aurore  and  Le  Castor. — Pote,  p. 
107;  Norton,  p.  33. 

ttMary,  wife  of  David  Woodwell,  of  New  Hopkinton. — 
Pote,  pp.  90  (note),  107. 


Dec.  23.     John  Perry's  Wife  died.* 

Dec.  26.  William  Dayly^  of  New-York 
dy'd  hopefully. 

Jan.  3.  1746,  7.     Jonathan  Harthan\  died. 

7<2w.  4.  The  Rev.  Mr.  Norton  was  fo  fai 
recover'd  from  Sicknefs,  tha{t  he  preach'd 
two  Difcourfes  from  Pfal.  60.  11.  Give  us 
help  from  Trouble,  for  vain  is  the  help  of 

Jan.  12.  Twenty  Captives  were  carried  to 
another  Prifon,  hoping  thereby  to  cleanfe  the 
other  of  the  Infection ;  the  fame  Night  one  of 
them  died,  viz.  Phineas  Andrews^  of  Cape- 

Jan.  15.  Jacob  Bailey  Brother  to  Capt. 
Bailey  aforefaid,  died.ll 

Jan.  17.  Giat  Brabant  Capt  Chapman's 
Carpenter  died. 

Jan.  23.  Samuel  Lovet  Son  of  Major  Lovet 
of  Mendon  in  New -En  gland  died. 

February  10.  William  Garivafs**  died,  as 
did  alfo  Mofes  Scot's  youngeft 

*Rebecah  Perry.  On  November  5th,  1748,  John  Perry 
represented  his  losses  at  the  time  of  his  capture,  in  a  peti- 
tion to  the  Bay  government,  which  is  preserved  in  Mass. 
Archives,  vol.  73,  p.  246. 

tDaly,  according  to  Pote,  and  spelled  Daily  by  Norton. 

IPote  and  Norton  give  his  name  respectively  as  Hoga- 
don  and  Hogadorn. 

§Francis  Andrews. — Pote,  p.  109;   Norton,  p.  34. 

||Jacob  Bagley. 

IfGuy  Braband. — Pote,  p.  110;  Guyart  Brabbon. — Nor- 
ton, p.  34. 

**"William  Galboath,  a  Scots-man."— Norton,  p.  35. 

ttAlso  named  Moses  Scott,  and  about  two  years  of  age. 
— Norton,  p.  35. 


Feb.  15.  My  Nephew  Daniel  How  and 
fix  more  [21]  were  brought  down  from  Mon- 
treal to  Quebec,  viz.  John  Sunderland,  John 
Smith,  Richard  Smith,  William  Scot,  Philip 
Scoffil,  and  Benjamin  Tainter,  Son  to  Lieut. 
Tainter  of  Weftborough  in  New-England. 

Febr.  23.     Richard  Bennet  died. 

Feb.  25.     Michal  Dugon*  died. 

March  1 8.     James  Margra\  died. 

March  22.  Capt.  /O/ZTZ  For/  &  5am.  Good- 
man died. 

M0rc/r  28.  1747.  The  Wife*  of  John 
Smeed,  died,  who  left  fix  Children,  the  young- 
eft  of  which  was  born  the  fecond  Night  after 
the  Mother  was  taken. 

April  7.     Philip  Scaffield  died. 

April  8.     John  Saneld§  died. 

April  9.  Capt.  James  Jordan  &  one  of  his 
Menll  died. 

April  1 2.     Amos  Pratt  of  Shrewsbury  died. 

April  14.     Timothy  Cummings  died. 

yf^riV   17.     /O/ZH  DiV/  of  Huin  in 
England  died. 

*  Spelled  Dugan  by  Pote,  and  Dogan  by  Norton. 

t James  Megraw. — Pote,  p.  166;  "Thomas  Magra,  an 
Irishman." — Norton,  p.  35. 

tMary  Smeed.  For  the  tragical  history  of  the  Smeed 
or  Smead  family,  see  Pote,  p.  115  (note). 

§John  Smeed,  son  of  John  Smeed  is  meant. — Pote,  p. 

1 1 Antonio,  a  Portuguese  sailor. — Pote,  p.  116;  Norton, 
p.  36. 

HNorton,  p.  36,  says  he  "belonged  to  Nantaskett." 


April  1 8.  Samuel  Venhon*  of  Plimouth 

April  26.  Capt.  Jonathan  Williamson  was 
brought  to  Prifon;  he  was  taken  at  a  new 
Town  on  Sheep-cot  River. 

April  26.  Three  Men  were  brought  to 
Prifon,  who  were  taken  at  Albany  three  Weeks 
before,  and  tell  us,  that  thirteen  were  kill'd, 
Capt.  Trent  one  of  them,  they  were  all  Sol- 
diers for  the  Expedition  to  Canada. 

April  27.     Joseph  Denox^  died. 

April  28.  Samuel  Evans  died.  The  fame 
Night  the  Prifon  took  Fire,  and  was  burnt,t 
but  the  Things  therein  were  moftly  faved: 
We  were  kept  that  Night  under  a  Guard. 

May  7.  Sarah  Lydle  whofe  Name  was 
Briant  when  fhe  was  taken,  and  married  while 
a  Captive,  died. 

[22]  May  13.  Mr.  Smeed^s  Son  Daniel 

May  14.  Christian  Fether§  died.  The 
fame  Day  died  Mr.  Hezekiah  Huntington,  a 
hopeful  Youth  of  a  liberal  Education,  Son  to 
Col.  Huntington\\  of  Connecticut,  in  New- 

May  15.     Joseph  Gray  died. 

*Samuel  Vaughan  is  the  correct  name. — Pote,  p.  118. 

t Joseph  Denen. — Pote,  p.  118;  Norton  says,  "Joseph 
Denning  of  Cape  Ann." 

iPote  gives  a  detailed  account  of  the  fire. — Journal, 
pp.  122-125. 

§Chriatian  Vedder.  Pote  spells  his  name  "Vader," 
and  Norton  gives  it  as  "Tedder." 

[(Deacon  Hezekiah  Huntington,  of  Norwich,  Conn. 


May  19.  Samuel  Burbanks*  died.  At  the 
fame  Time  died  two  Childrent  who  were  put 
out  to  the  French  to  Nurfe. 

At  that  Time  I  received  a  Letter  from 
Major  Willard,  dated  March  17.  1747,  where- 
in he  informs  me,  my  Family  was  well ;  which 
was  joyful  News  to  me. 

May  19.     Abraham  Forti-  died. 

*Samuel  Burbank,  of  New  Hopkinton. 
fOne  of  these  was  Captivity  Smeed,  aged  about  nine 
months.     She  died,  May  17th  or  18th. 
tHe  was  a  brother  of  John  Fort. 


By  another  Hand. 

MAY  25, 1747.  This  Day  died  Mr.  Jfrljmutl? 
if0W,  in  the  Hofpital  at  Quebec  in  Cana- 
da, in  the  55th  Year  of  his  Age ;  who  had 
been  a  Captive  there  one  Year,  feven  Months, 
and  fifteen  Days :  He  enjoy' d  his  Health  'till 
about  the  middle  of  this  Month:  He  was  a 
loving  Hufband,  and  a  tender  Father;  greatly 
belov'd  by  his  Brethren  and  Sifters,  and  in- 
deed by  every  One  who  was  acquainted  with 
him:  Mr.  How  was  a  Perfon  who  had  be- 
hav'd  himfelf  as  a  Chriftian  from  his  Youth. 
His  Death  is  a  great  Lofs  to  his  Friends;  but 
I  believe  a  Gain  to  himfelf;  and  that  he  is 
gone  from  a  Captivity  of  Sorrow  on  Earth, 
to  join  in  Songs  of  everlafting  Joy  among  the 
Ranfom'd  of  the  Lord  in  the  heavenly  Zion. 


[23]  The  Names  of  the  Subfcribers,  with 
the  Places  of  their  Abode,  to  the  foregoing 
Narrative,  with  the  Number  of  Books  fub- 
fcribed  for. 


The  Hon.  John  Chandler,  Efq;       Six  Books. 

Major  Daniel  Howard,  fix  Books. 

Mr.  Thomas  Wheeler,  fix  Books. 

Mr.  John  Curtifs,  fix  Books. 

Concord,       The  Hon.  James  Minot,  Efq; 

fix  Books. 

Mr.  Thomas  Munrow,  fix  Books. 
Mr.  Henry  Flint,  fix  Books. 

Bofton,  Mr.  Jonas  Leonard,  fix  Books. 
Mr.  John  Burbeeen  [sic] 

fix  Books. 

Rutland,  '  Capt.  Jofeph  Stevens,  fix  Books. 
Capt.  Edward  Rice,  fix  Books, 
Mr.  Mofes  Leonard,  fix  Books. 
Mr.  Andrew  Henry,  fix  Books. 
Mr.  Thomas  Flint,  fix  Books. 
Mr.  Nathan  Stone,  fix  Books. 
Mr.  James  Calwell,  fix  Books. 
Mr.  Jofeph  Houlton,  fix  Books. 
Mr.  Aaron  Rofs,  fix  Books. 

Capt.  John  Hubbard,    fix  Books. 


Rutland,        Mr.  Edward  Savage,    fix  Books. 

Mr.  Eliphalet  How,     fix  Books. 

Mr.  Jonas  Stone,  fix  Books. 

Mr.  Daniel  Davis,    three  Books. 

Mr.  Ifrael  How,  fix  Books. 

Mr.  Benjamin  Willard,i\x  Books. 

Mr.  Skelten  Felton,      fix  Books. 

Deacon  Eleazer  Ball,    fix  Books. 

Mr.  Mofes  How,  feven  Books. 
[24]  Lancaster,  Samuel  Willard,  Efq; 

fix  Books. 

Mr.  Joshua  Hide,  fix  Books. 
Cambridge,  William  Brattle,  Efq;  fix  Books. 

Edmund  Goffe,  Efq ;  fix  Books- 
Stoughton,  John  Shepard,  Efq;  fix  Books. 
ShrewfburyjMr.  Daniel  Willard,  feven  Books. 
Hartford,  Mr.  Edward  Cadwell,  Jun. 

fix  Books. 

Brimfieldf  Mr.  Daniel  Burt,  fix  Books. 
Sturbridge,  Capt.  Mofes  Marfey,  fix  Books. 
Norton,  Capt.  Jonathan  Lawrence, 

feven  Books. 
Sudbury,       Mr.  Ifaac  Baldwin,      fix  Books. 

Mr.  David  How,          fix  Books. 

Mr.  Ezekiel  How,  fix  Books. 
Brookfield,  Oliver  Hay  ward,  Efq ;  fix  Books. 

Mr.  Ebenezer  How,     fix  Books. 

Mr.  Abner  Brown,  fix  Books. 
Uxbridge,  John  Harwood,  Efq;  fix  Books. 
Upton,  Mr.  Jonathan  Wood,  fix  Books. 

Woodftock,  Mr.  7o/V/>/z  Chaff e,  Jun. 

fix  Books. 


Mendon,        Mr.  William  Rawfon,  Jun. 

fix  Books. 

Toivnfhend,  Mr.  Timothy  Heald,  fix  Books. 
LeicefteT)  Mr.  Oliver  Witt,  five  Books. 

Marlboro\  Mr.  Ephraim  Bridgham, 

fix  Books. 

Springfield,  Mr.  Lz/££  Stebbins,  fix  Books. 
Mr.  Nathaniel  Ely,  fix  Books. 


ABENAKIS  of  St.  Francis,  cap- 
ture Nehemiah  How  on  Great 
Meadow,  10. 

Adams,  Robert,  brought  to  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  50,  50  note. 

Adams,  Berkshire  County,  Mass., 
site  of  Fort  Massachusetts,  15; 
captives  from,  brought  to  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  47,  49,  49  note; 
depredation  at  Fort  Massachu- 
setts, 48,  48  note. 

Aikings,  William.  See  Akins. 

Akins,  William,  brought  to  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  44-45. 

Albany,  N.  Y.,  43,  45,  49,  49  note, 
51,  54. 

Aldrich,  John,  brought  to  prison 
at  Quebec,  49. 

Alexander,  Bbenezer,  captain, 
marches  with  company  to  pro- 
tect frontiers  near  Great  Mead- 
ow, 9. 

Almsbury,  perhaps  an  error  for 
Newbury,  Mass.,  51. 

Amrusus,  Indian,  husband  of 
Eunice  Williams,  visits  How  at 
Crown  Point,  32,  32  note. 

Anderson,  Sr.,  James,  father  of 
James  and  Samuel,  killed,  50. 

Anderson,  Jr.,  James,  brought  to 
prison  at  Quebec,  44;  his  fath- 
er killed,  50;  Capt.  John  Mc- 
Near  his  uncle,  50,  51,  51  note. 

Anderson,  Samuel,  brought  to 
prison  at  Quebec,  44. 

Andrews,  Francis,  dies  in  prison 
at  Quebec,  52,  52  note. 

Andrews,  Phineas.  See  Andrews, 

Annapolis  Basin,  Nova  Scotia, 
vessels  captured  in,  40  note. 

Antonio,  a  Portuguese,  dies  in 
prison  at  Quebec,  53,  53  note. 

BAGLEY,  Jacob,  dies  in  prison  at 
Quebec,  52,  52  note. 

Bagley,  William,  captain,  dies  in 
prison  at  Quebec,  51,  51  note; 
his  brother  dies  at  Quebec,  52. 

Bailey,  Jacob.  See  Bagley. 

Bailey,  William,  captain.  See 

Baker,  Robert,  settles  at  Great 
Meadow,  8;  narrowly  escapes 
death  by  Indians,  12,  28. 

Baldwin,  Isaac,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  58. 

Ball,  Eleazer,  original  subscrib- 
er for  How's  tract,  58. 

Ballock,  Lieut.  See  Beaulac, 
Sieur  de. 

Batherick,  Jonathan.  See  Don- 

Bay  of  Arb,  army  of  French  and 
Indians  at,  47. 

Beaman,  John.  See  Bement. 

Beaulac,  Sieur  de,  French  lieu- 
tenant at  Fort  Chambly,  a  pris- 
oner at  Boston,  33;  at  Crown 
Point,  33;  subdues  boisterous- 
ness  of  drunken  Indians,  34. 

Beaumont,  John.  See  Bement. 

Beman,  John.  See  Bement. 

Bement,  John,  brought  to  prison 
at  Quebec,  46;  account  of,  46 

Bennet,  Richard,  dies  in  prison 
at  Quebec,  53. 



Bent,  Martha.  See  How,  Martha 
(Bent).  i 

Black  River,  Vermont,  12;  locat- 
ed, 29  note. 

Boon,  John,  apprentice  to  Capt. 
David  Roberts,  dies  in  prison 
at  Quebec,  50,  51  note. 

Boscawen,  N.  H.,  formerly  Con- 
toocook,  soldier  from,  brought 
to  prison  at  Quebec,  44. 

Boston,  Mass.,  57;  How's  tract 
printed  originally  at,  17,  25; 
Rev.  John  Williams  returns 
from  captivity  to,  32;  Sieur 
de  Beaulac,  French  lieutenant, 
prisoner  at,  33;  How  inter- 
viewed concerning  news  from, 

Braban,  Giat.  See  Braband,  Guy. 

Braband,  Guy,  dies  in  prison  at 
Quebec,  52,  52  note. 

Brabbon,  Guy  art.  See  Braband, 

Bradshaw,  John,  dies  in  prison 
at  Quebec,  51. 

Brattle,  William,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  58. 

Briant,  Sarah.  See  Lydle,  Sarah. 

Bridgman,  Ephraim,  original 
subscriber  for  How's  tract,  59. 

Bridgman,  Jonathan,  brought  to 
prison  at  Quebec,  48. 

Bridgman's  Fort.  See  Vernon,  Vt. 

Brimfield,  Mass.,  58. 

Brinley,  George,  his  copy  of 
How's  tract  in  New  York  Pub- 
lic Library,  16. 

Brookfield,  Mass.,  47,  58. 

Brown,  Abner,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  58. 

Brown,  Timothy,  letters  from, 
delivered  to  How,  45;  brought 
to  prison  at  Quebec,  45,  46  note. 

Bryant,  Sarah.  See  Lydle,  Sarah. 

Bryant,  William,  killed  at  Gor- 
hamtown,  44,  44  note;  his  wid- 
ow married  to  Leonard  Lydle 
in  prison,  50. 

Bryant  family,  44,  44  note. 

Burbank,  Samuel,  brought  to 
prison  at  Quebec,  44;  two  sons 
of,  captured,  44;  wife  and  chil- 
dren of,  46;  dies  in  prison,  55. 

Burbeen,  John,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  57. 

Burt,  Daniel,  original  subscrib- 
er for  How's  tract,  58. 

CADWELL  (Caldwell?),  Jr.,  Ed- 
ward, original  subscriber  for 
How's  tract,  58. 

Calwell  (Caldwell?),  James,  orig- 
inal subscriber  for  How's 
tract,  57. 

Cambridge,  Mass.,  58. 

Canada,  11,  17,  20,  25,  32  note, 
47,  50,  54,  56;  governor  of,  re- 
ceives letter  from  Mass.,  for 
exchange  of  prisoners,  45;  pro- 
posed expedition  against,  46. 

Cape  Ann,  prisoners  from,  die  at 
Quebec,  52,  54  note. 

Cape  Breton,  47. 

Cape  Cod,  Mass.,  40. 

Casco  Bay,  Maine,  40,  44. 

Chaffe,  Jr.,  Joseph,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  58. 

Chalet,  M.  de  (written  Shearly 
by  How),  interpreter  of  the 
King,  visits  prisoners  at  Que- 
bec, 42,  42  note,  45,  46. 

Chambly,  fort,  12,  38,  41;  Sieur 
de  Beaulac  commands  at,  33 
tiote;  How  and  his  captors  ar- 
rive at,  35;  number  of  French 
and  Indians  there  in  October, 
1745,  35-37;  origin  of  name,  35 
note;  description  of,  37. 

Chambly  River.  See  Sorel  River. 

Chandler,  John,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  57. 

Chapman,  William,  captain,  in 
prison  at  Quebec,  40;  account 
of,  40  note;  his  carpenter  dies 
at  Quebec,  52. 


Charlestown,  N.  H.,  formerly 
called  "No.  4,"  Indians  at,  12, 
29;  Col.  Josiah  Willard  with 
scouting  party  at,  13;  captives 
from,  brought  to  prison  at  Que- 
bec, 43;  three  attacks  on,  46. 

Christmas,  celebrated  in  prison 
at  Quebec,  42,  42  note. 

Clapp,  Sarah  (Leavitt).  See  How, 
Sarah  (Leavitt)  (Clapp). 

Cloutman,  Jr.,  Edward,  brought 
to  prison  at  Quebec,  44;  es- 
capes from  prison,  50. 

Concord,  Mass.,  57.  , 

Connecticut,  54. 

Connecticut  River,  7,  11,  28,  29 
note;  land-grants  in  valley  of, 
8;  Indian  incursions  along  val- 
ley of,  8,  9,  10,  11,  12,  46. 

Contoocook.  See  Boscawen,  N.  M. 

Cook,  Elisha,  killed  at  Contoo- 
cook, now  Boscawen,  N.  H.,  44. 

Corby,  M.,  he  and  his  wife  are 
kind  to  How  in  prison,  41. 

Crisson,  Thomas,  settles  at  "No. 
2,"  8. 

Crown  Point,  fort,  12,  31;  des- 
cription of,  32;  Indians  sup- 
plied with  bread  at,  35. 

Cummings,  Timothy,  brought  to 
prison  at  Quebec,  45;  dies  in 
prison,  53. 

Curtiss,  John,  original  subscrib- 
er for  How's  tract,  57. 

DAILY,  William,  dies  in  prison  at 
Quebec,  52,  52  note. 

Daly,  William.  See  Daily. 

Davis,  Daniel,  original  subscrib- 
er for  How's  tract,  58. 

Davis,  John,  dies  at  Quebec,  50. 

Dayly,  William.  See  Daily. 

De  Chalet.  See  Chalet. 

De  Rogers.  See  Amrusus. 

Deerfield,  Mass.,  13;  Indian  in- 
cursion at,  in  1704,  32  note; 
Rev.  John  Williams  first  min- 
ister of,  32  note. 

Denen,  Joseph,  dies  in  prison  at 
Quebec,  54. 

Denning,  Joseph.  See  Denen. 

Denox,  Joseph.  See  Denen. 

Devonshire,  England,  51  note. 

Dewen,  Robert.  See  Downing. 

Dill,  John,  dies  in  prison  at  Que- 
bec, 53. 

Dogan,  Michael.   See  Dugan. 

Donham,  Jonathan,  brought  to 
prison  at  Quebec,  49,  49  note; 
dies  at  Quebec,  51. 

Downing,  Robert,  also  called  De- 
wen,  brought  to  prison  at  Que- 
bec, 47,  48. 

Drake,  Samuel  Gardiner,  esti- 
mate of  his  editorial  work, 
15,  16. 

Dugan,  Michael,  dies  in  prison 
at  Quebec,  53. 

Dunbar,  Robert,  escapes  from 
prison  at  Quebec,  50. 

Dunham,  Jonathan.  See  Donham. 

EAMES,  Nathan,  brought  to  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  48,  48  note;  dies 
at  Quebec,  50. 

Ely,  Nathaniel,  original  subscrib- 
er for  How's  tract,  59. 

Ernes,  Nathan.  See  Eames. 

Evans,  Samuel,  dies  in  prison 
at  Quebec,  54. 

FARNSWORTH,  Stephen,  brought 
to  prison  at  Quebec,  43. 

Pelton,  Skelten,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  58. 

Fether,  Christian.  See  Vedder. 

Five  Years'  French  and  Indian 
War,  8;  narratives  of  Indian 
Captivities  during,  15-17,  40 

Flint,  Henry,  original  subscrib- 
er for  How's  tract,  57. 

Flint,  Thomas,  original  subscrib- 
er for  How's  tract,  57. 

Forbush,  Phinehas,  brought  to 
prison  at  Quebec,  48,  48  note. 


Fort,  Abraham,  dies  in  prison  at 
Quebec,  55. 

Fort,  John,  captain,  dies  in  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  53;  his  brother 
dies  in  prison,  55,  55  note. 

Fort  Chambly.  See  Chambly. 

Fort  Crown  Point.  See  Crown 

Fort  Dummer,  13,  17,  25,  27. 

Fort  Edward,  also  called  Fort 
Lydius,  French  and  Indians 
who  attacked,  at  Fort  Cham- 
bly, 35,  36;  its  names,  36  note; 
depredation  at,  42. 

Fort  Hill,  built  in  the  Great 
Meadow,  at  Putney,  Vt.,  8,  41; 
Indians  attack,  10,  11,  27; 
burned  by  Indians,  14. 

Fort  Hinsdale.  See  Hinsdale's 

Fort  Lydius.  See  Fort  Edward. 

Fort  Massachusetts.  See  Adams, 
Berkshire  County,  Mass. 

Fort  Shattuck.  See  Shattuck's 

Fort  Ticonderoga,  12,  31  note. 

Furbush,  Phineas.  See  Forbush, 

GALBOATH,  William,  dies  in  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  52,  52  note. 

Garwafs,  William.  See  Galboath. 

George  II,  Frenchmen  swear  al- 
legiance to,  47. 

George's  Fort,  Maine,  45;  cap- 
tive from,  brought  to  prison 
at  Quebec,  45;  depredation  at, 

Goffe,  Edmund,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  58. 

Gooden,  Pike.  See  Gordon. 

Goodman,  Samuel,  brought  to 
prison  at  Quebec,  48;  dies  in 
prison,  53. 

Gordon,  Joseph,  father  of  Pike 
Gordon,  50  note. 

Gordon,  Pike,  brought  to  prison 
at  Quebec,  50;  his  brother  kill- 
ed at  Saco,  50;  dies  at  Quebec, 

Gorhamtown,  Maine,  captives 
from,  brought  to  prison  at  Que. 
bee,  44. 

Grafton,  Mass.,  8,  19. 

Gray,  Joseph,  dies  in  prison  at 
Quebec,  54. 

Great  Meadow.  See  Putney, 
Windham  County,  Vermont. 

HARTFORD,  Conn.,  58. 

Harthan,  Jonathan.  See  Hoga- 

Harwood,  John,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  58. 

Hawks,  John,  sergeant,  brought 
to  prison  at  Quebec,  48. 

Hayward,  Oliver,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  58. 

Heald,  Timothy,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  59. 

Henry,  Andrew,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  57. 

Hide,  Joshua,  original  subscrib- 
er for  How's  tract,  58. 

Hinsdale's  Fort,   14. 

Hitchcock,  Nathaniel,  brought  to 
prison  at  Quebec,  49. 

Hodinhull,  Warwickshire,  Eng- 
land, probable  home  of  Nehe- 
miah  How's  ancestors,  18. 

Hogadorn,  Jonathan,  dies  in 
prison  at  Quebec,  52,  52  note. 

Holliston,  Mass.,  captive  from, 
brought  to  prison  at  Quebec, 

Hoosuck  Fort,  otherwise  called 
Fort  Massachusetts.  See 
Adams,  Berkshire  County, 

Hopkinton,  N.  H.,  captives  from, 
brought  to  prison  at  Quebec, 
44;  prisoners  from,  die  at  Que- 
bec, 51  note,  55. 


Houlton,  Joseph,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  57. 

How,  Abner,  son  of  Nehemiah 
How,  20. 

How,  Caleb,  the  1st,  son  of  Ne- 
hemiah How,  20. 

How,  Caleb,  the  2d,  son  of  Ne- 
hemiah How,  narrowly  es- 
capes capture  by  Indians,  12, 
29;  married  the  widow  of  Wil- 
liam Phips,  20;  scalped  by  In- 
dians, 20. 

How,  Lord  Charles,  Earl  of  Lan- 
caster, 18. 

How,  Sr.,  Daniel,  brother  of  Ne- 
hemiah How,  46,  49. 

How,  Jr.,  Daniel,  nephew  of  Ne- 
hemiah How,  settles  at  "No. 2," 
8;  captured  by  Indians,  46,  49; 
lives  with  a  Frenchman  at 
Montreal,  49;  brought  to  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  53. 

How,  David,  original  subscriber 
for  How's  tract,  58. 

How,  Easter,  daughter  of  Ne- 
hemiah How,  20. 

How,  Ebenezer,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  58. 

How,  Edward,  son  of  Nehemiah 
How,  20. 

How,  Eliphalet,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  58. 

How,  EzekieJ,  original  subscrib- 
er for  How's  tract,  58. 

How,  Hannah,  daughter  of  Nehe- 
miah How,  20. 

How,  Israel,  original  subscrib- 
er for  How's  tract,  58. 

How,  Jemima  (Phips),  wife  of 
Caleb  How,  2d,  captured  by 
Indians,  20. 

How,  John,  probably  of  Hodin- 
hull,  Warwickshire,  England, 
great-grandfather  of  Nehemiah 
How,  18. 

How  (Howe),  John,  grandfather 
of  Nehemiah  How,  18,  19. 

How,  Joshua,  son  of  Nehemiah 
How,  20. 

How,  Margaret  (Willard),  wife 
of  Nehemiah  How,  19. 

How,  Martha  (Bent),  first  wife 
of  Samuel  How,  father  of  Ne- 
hemiah How,  19. 

How,  Martha,  daughter  of  Nehe- 
miah How,  20. 

How,  Mary,  paternal  grandmoth- 
er of  Nehemiah  How,  19. 

How,  Mary,  daughter  of  Nehe- 
miah How,  20. 

How,  Moses,  original  subscriber 
for  How's  tract,  58. 

How,  Nehemiah,  settles  at  Great 
Meadow,  8;  captured  by  Aben- 
akis  at  Great  Meadow,  10,  27; 
his  deposition  to  governor  at 
Quebec,  11,  38;  led  to  Canada, 
11-13;  maltreated  by  Iroquois 
at  Chambly,  12;  bibliography 
of  his  "Narrative,"  15-17;  gen- 
ealogy of,  18-21;  death  of,  20- 
21,  56;  writes  his  name  on 
bark  for  Indians,  29;  at  Crown 
Point,  32;  dances  for  Indians 
at  Crown  Point,  33;  Indians 
quarrel  about,  34;  arrives  at 
Fort  Chambly,  35-37;  Indians 
pelt  him  with  snowballs,  36; 
dances  for  Indians  at  Chambly, 
36;  beaten  by  two  Indians  and 
rescued  by  Frenchmen,  36;  ar- 
rives at  Quebec,  38;  sent  to 
guard  house  at  Quebec,  38; 
sent  to  prison-keeper's  quar- 
ters at  Quebec,  39,  41;  sent  to 
regular  prison  at  Quebec,  40, 
40  note;  leads  the  prisoners  in 
morning  and  evening  devotion, 
40-41;  ill  in  prison,  41,  56;  sev- 
eral friends  of,  brought  to  pris- 
on, 43;  letters  of  Deacon  Tim- 
othy Brown  brought  to,  45; 
receives  letter  from  his  fath- 
er-in-law, 55;  obituary  of,  56. 



How,  Samuel,  lieutenant,  father 
of  Nehemiah  How,  19. 

How,  Samuel,  son  of  Nehemiah 
How,  20. 

How,  Sarah  (Leavitt)  (Clapp), 
second  wife  of  Samuel  How, 
and  mother  of  Nehemiah  How, 

How,  Sarah,  daughter  of  Nehe- 
miah How,  20. 

How,  Submit,  child  of  Nehemiah 
How,  20. 

How  family,  genealogy  of,  18-21. 

Howard,  Daniel,  major,  original 
subscriber  for  How's  tract,  57. 

Hubbard,  John,  captain,  original 
subscriber  for  How's  tract,  57. 

Hull,  Mass.,  53. 

Huntington,  Sr.,  Hezekiah,  his 
son  dies  in  prison  at  Quebec, 
54,  54  note. 

Huntington,  Jr.,  Hezekiah,  dies 
in  prison  at  Quebec,  54. 

Hyde.   See  Hide. 

INDIANS,  7;  depredations  by,  on 
or  near  Great  Meadow,  8,  9, 
10,  11,  27-29;  kill  David  Rugg, 
11-12;  attempt  to  burn  Shat- 
tuck's  Fort;  14;  burn  fort  at 
Great  Meadow,  14;  method  of 
indicating  their  tracks,  28; 
paint  and  erect  on  pole  the 
scalp  of  David  Rugg,  31;  sing 
and  dance  around  How,  31; 
require  How  to  dance,  33,  36; 
intoxicated,  34,  35;  quarrel 
about  How,  34;  subdued  by 
Sieur  de  Beaulac,  34;  dance 
around  scalp  of  David  Rugg, 
35;  number  at  Fort  Chambly 
when  How  arrived  there,  35; 
throw  snowballs  at  How,  36; 
two  of  them  beat  How,  36; 
threaten  to  go  against  the 
Great  Meadow  settlement,  36- 

37;  depredations  by,  42,  44,  45, 
46,  47,  48,  49,  50. 

See  also  under  family  and 
tribal  names  for  other  refer- 

Iroquois,      maltreat      Nehemiah 
How,  12. 

JONES,  John,  brought  to  prison  at 

Quebec,  46-47. 
Jones,  Thomas,  brought  to  prison 

at  Quebec,  44;  dies  at  Quebec, 

Jordan,  James,  captain,  dies  in 

prison  at  Quebec,   53;    one  of 

his  men  dies  in  prison,  53. 

KEENE,  N.  H.,  13;   captive  from, 

'brought  to   prison   at  Quebec, 

Kincaid,  origin  of  family  name 

of,  39  note. 
Kincaid,    James,    imprisoned    at 

Quebec,  39,  40;   account  of,  39 


Kinkead,  Kinkhead.  See  Kincaid. 
Kinlade,   James.   See  Kincaid. 
Knowles,  Sir  Charles,  29  note. 
Knowlton,    Thomas,    killed       at 

Fort   Massachusetts,      48,      48 


LAKE}  CHAMPLAIN,  12,  31,  34,  38. 
Lancaster,  Mass.,  8,  58. 
Lancaster,    Earl    of.    See    How, 

Lord  Charles. 
Larrabee's    Point,    Vermont,    12, 

31  note. 
L'Aurore,   French   ship,   persons 

captured  by,  brought  to  prison 

at  Quebec,  49,  50,  50  note,  51 

Lawrence,      Jonathan,     captain, 

original   subscriber  for  How's 

tract,  58. 
Leavitt,  Sarah.  See  How,  Sarah 

(Leavitt)   (Clapp). 



Le  Castor,  French  ship,  persons 
captured  by,  brought  to  prison 
at  Quebec,  49,  50,  50  note,  51 

Leicester,  Mass.,  59. 

Leonard,  Jonas,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  57. 

Leonard,  Moses,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  57. 

London,  England,  37,  40  note. 

Lovet,  Major,  of  Mendon,  Mass., 
his  son  dies  in  prison  at  Que- 
bec, 52. 

Lovet,  Samuel,  brought  to  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  48;  dies  at  Que- 
bec, 52. 

Lower  Ashuelot.  See  Swanzey, 
N.  H. 

Lydius,  John  Henry,  governor  of 
Fort  Edward,  also  called  Fort 
Lydius,  36  note,  42. 

Lydius's  Fort.  See  Fort  Edward. 

Lydle,  Leonard,  prisoner  at  Que- 
bec, marries  the  widow  of 
William  Bryant,  50;  his  wife 
dies  in  prison,  54. 

Lydle,  Sarah,  widow  of  William 
Bryant,  married  in  prison  to 
Leonard  Lydle,  50;  dies  in 
prison  at  Quebec,  54. 

Lynde,  Judge,  of  New  England, 

McGRAW.     See  Megraw. 

McNear,  John,  captain,  uncle  of 
James  Anderson,  Jr.,  captur- 
ed, 50;  brought  to  prison  at 
Quebec,  51,  51  note. 

Magra,  Thomas.  See  Megraw, 

Marbleheal,  Mass.,  40. 

Margra,  James.  See  Megraw. 

Marin,  M.,  lieutenant,  depreda- 
tion by,  at  Saratoga,  43  note. 

Marlborough,  Mass.,  18,  19,  50, 

Marsey,  Moses,  captain,  original 
subscriber  for  How's  tract,  58. 

Maryland,  40  note. 

Massachusetts,  land-grants  in 
valley  of  the  Connecticut 
granted  by,  7-8;  schooner 
"Montague,"  commanded  by 
Capt.  William  Pote,  Jr.,  in  ser- 
vice of,  15;  genealogical  data 
on  How  family  in,  18-21;  sends 
letter  for  exchange  of  prison- 
ers at  Quebec,  45;  John  Perry 
petitions  government  of,  con- 
cerning losses,  52  note. 

Megraw,  James,  dies  in  prison  at 
Quebec,  53. 

Melvin,  Eleazer,  captain,  pur- 
sues Indians  trying  to  burn 
Shattuck's  Fort,  14. 

Mendon,  Mass.,  52,  59. 

Minot,  James,  original  subscrib- 
er for  How's  tract,  57. 

Moffat,  Robert,  brought  to  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  46. 

Montague,  schooner,  Capt.  Wil- 
liam Pote,  Jr.,  master,  15. 

Montreal,  prisoners  brought  to, 
42,  49,  50;  prisoners  from, 
brought  to  Quebec,  43,  53; 
scalps  brought  to,  50. 

Morris,  Charles,  his  map  pub- 
lished with  Pote's  "Journal," 
40  note. 

Morse,  Robert.  See  Moffat. 

Munrow,  Thomas,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  57. 

NALTON,  Thomas.  See  Knowlton. 

Nantasket,  Mass.,  53  note. 

New  Casco,  incursion  at,  49,  49 

New  England,  36-37,  39,  47,  50, 
52,  53,  54. 

New  Hampshire,  grants  town 
charter  to  Great  Meadow  set- 
tlers, 14. 

New  Hopkinton.  See  Hopkinton, 
N.  H. 



New  York,  grants  town  charter 
to  settlers  at  Great  Meadow, 
14;  prisoner  from,  dies  at 
Quebec,  52. 

New  York  Public  Library  (Len- 
ox Library  Building),  depos- 
itory of  the  copy  of  How's 
tract  used  for  this  reprint, 
16,  23. 

Newfoundland,  47. 

Norman,  Mr.,  captive,  50. 

Northfield,  Mass.,  13,  14,  46. 

Northampton,   Mass.,   33. 

Norton,  Mass.,  58. 

Norton,  Rev.  John,  49;  account 
of  his  "Redeemed  Captive,"  15- 
16,  48  note;  brought  to  prison 
at  Quebec,  48;  marries  Leonard 
Lydle  and  Sarah  Bryant  in 
prison,  50;  recovers  from  ill- 
ness and  preaches  in  prison 
at  Quebec,  52. 

Norwich,  Conn.,  54  note. 

Nova  Scotia,  40  note. 

Number  Four  (No.  4).  See 
Charlestown,  N.  H. 

Number  Two  (No.  2).  See  West- 
moreland, N.  H. 

Nutting,  Samuel,  narrowly  es- 
capes capture  by  Indians,  12, 

OWEN,  James,  of  Brookfield, 
Mass.,  killed  on  St.  John's 
Island,  47. 

PAEKER,  Isaac,  brought  to  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  43. 

Pealtomy,  Indian,  visits  How  at 
Crown  Point,  32,  33;  converses 
with  How,  34. 

Perry,  John,  he  and  wife 
brought  to  prison  at  Quebec, 
48;  his  wife  dies  at  Quebec,  52, 
52  note;  petitions  government 
of  Massachusetts  concerning 
his  losses,  52  note. 

Perry,  Rebecah,  wife  of  John 
Perry,  dies  in  prison  at  Que- 
bec, 52,  52  note. 

Phips,  Jemima.  See  How,  Jemi- 
ma (Phips). 

Phips,  Spencer,  lieutenant-gov- 
ernor of  Mass.,  sends  letter  to 
Canada  for  exchange  of  pris- 
oners, 45. 

Phips,  William,  settles  at  Great 
Meadow,  8,  34  note;  killed  by 
Indians  on  Great  Meadow,  9, 
34;  his  widow,  Jemima,  mar- 
ried to  Caleb  How,  2d,  son  of 
Nehemiah  How,  20;  account 
of,  34  note. 

Plaffer,  Lawrence.  See  Platter. 

Platter,  Lawrence,  captured  at 
Saratoga,  dies  at  Quebec,  43,  43 

Pleasant  Point,  near  George's 
Fort,  Maine,  captive  from, 
brought  to  prison  at  Quebec, 

Plymouth,  Mass.,  54. 

Pote,  Jr.,  William,  captain,  mas- 
ter of  the  schooner  Montague, 
account  of  his  "Journal,"  15, 
40  note;  his  opinion  of  Nehe- 
miah How,  21;  in  prison  at 
Quebec,  40;  gap  in  his  "Journ- 
al," supplied  by  How,  41  note; 
fellow  captive  of,  arrives  at 
Quebec  prison,  49,  49  note. 

Pratt,  Amos,  brought  to  prison 
at  Quebec,  48;  dies  in  prison, 

Prince  Edward  Island,  formerly 
St.  John's,  depredation  on,  47; 
captives  from,  brought  to  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  47,  48. 

Prisoners,  at  Montreal,  42,  49,  50, 
53;  at  Quebec,  39,  40,  42,  43,  44, 
45,  46,  47,  48,  49,  50,  51,  53,  54, 
55;  letter  from  Mass.,  propos- 
ing exchange  of,  45;  petition 



governor  of  Canada  to  be  ex- 
changed, 46;  illness  and  mor- 
tality of,  at  Quebec,  51;  isola- 
tion of  the  sick,  at  Quebec,  52. 
Putney,  Windham  County,  Ver- 
mont, description  of,  7;  his- 
tory of,  7-14;  Indian  incur- 
sions at,  8,  9,  10,  11,  14,  27-28, 
34  note;  Col.  Josiah  Willard 
reconnoiters  the  region,  in  pur- 
suit of  Indians,  13-14;  fort  at, 
burned  by  Indians,  14;  desert- 
ed region  resettled,  14;  new 
fort  built,  14;  town  charter 
granted  by  New  Hampshire, 
14;  town  charter  granted  by 
New  York,  14;  organized  as 
town,  14;  Nehemiah  How  orig- 
inal settler  on  Great  Meadow 
at,  19;  How's  capture  by  In- 
dians at,  27;  Indians  at  Fort 
Chambly  threaten  to  attack 
again,  36-37. 

QUACKINBTJSH,  Martha,  dies  in 
prison  at  Quebec,  51,  51  note. 

Quebec,  8,  11,  12,  15,  20,  32  note; 
How  arrives  at,  38;  prison- 
keeper's  quarters  at,  39;  des- 
cription of  regular  prison  at, 
40;  rations  to  prisoners  at,  40; 
illness  of  prisoners  at,  41; 
governor  at,  sends  money  to 
prisoners,  42;  royal  intendant 
at,  sends  money  to  prisoners, 
42;  prisoners  from  Montreal 
brought  to,  43;  captives  im- 
prisoned at,  39,  40,  42,  43,  44, 
45,  46,  47,  48,  49,  50,  51,  53,  54; 
deaths  of  prisoners  at,  43,  47, 
49,  50,  51,  52,  53,  54,  55,  56; 
snow  in  August  at,  47;  two 
captives  married  in  prison  at, 
50;  illness  and  mortality  of 
prisoners  at,  51;  sick  prison- 
ers isolated  at,  52;  prison  at, 
burned,  54,  54  note. 

Quebec  River.  See  St.  Lawrence 

RAWSON,  Jr.,  William,  original 
subscriber  for  How's  tract,  59. 

Read,  Jacob,  brought  to  prison 
at  Quebec,  44;  dies  at  Que- 
bec, 50. 

Read,  John,  dies  at  Quebec,  50. 

Read,  Josiah.   See  Reed. 

Reed,  Josiah,  of  Fort  Massachu- 
setts, dies,  48,  48  note. 

Rice,  Edward,  captain,  original 
subscriber  for  How's  tract,  57. 

Richards,  John,  brought  to  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  47. 

Richelieu  River.  See  Sorel  River. 

Roberson.  See  Roberts,  David, 

Roberts,  David,  captain,  his  ap- 
prentice dies  in  prison  at  Que- 
bec, 50,  51  note. 

Rochester,  N.  H.,  captives  from, 
brought  to  prison  at  Quebec, 
47;  depredation  at,  47,  47  note. 

Ross,  Aaron,  original  subscriber 
for  How's  tract,  57. 

Rugg,  David,  settles  at  Great 
Meadow,  8;  killed  and  scalped 
by  Indians,  11-12,  28;  his  scalp 
painted  and  stuck  on  a  pole, 
31;  Indians  dance  around  scalp 
of,  35. 

Rumford,  N.  H.,  44. 

Rutland,  Mass.,  8,  57. 

Saco,  Maine,  depredation  at, 
50,  50  note. 

St.   Francis.     See  Abenakis. 

St.  John's  Island.  See  Prince 
Edward  Island. 

St.  Lawrence  River,  12,  37  note, 

Saneld,  John.  See  Smeed,  Jr., 

Saratoga,  N.  Y.,  attack  on,  at- 
tributed by  How  to  Albany, 
41  note,  43  note',  letters  to 


prisoners  from,  brought  to 
prison  at  Quebec,  45. 

Savage,  Edward,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  58. 

Scaffield,  Philip,  brought  to  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  53;  dies  in  pris- 
on, 53. 

Schuyler,  Nicholas,  captain,  42 

Schuylerville,  N.  Y.  See  Sara- 

Scoffil,  Philip,     bee  Scaffield. 

Scot.      See    Scott. 

Scotland,   39   note. 

Scott,  Joseph,  brought  to  prison 
at  Quebec,  48. 

Scott,  Miriam,  wife  of  Moses 
Scott,  dies  in  prison  at  Quebec, 
51,  51  note. 

Scott,  Sr.,  Moses,  he  and  family 
brought  to  prison  at  Quebec, 
48;  his  wife  dies  at  Quebec, 
51;  his  son  dies  at  Quebec,  52, 
52  note. 

Scott,  Jr.,  Moses,  youngest  child 
of  Moses  Scott,  dies  in  prison 
at  Quebec,  52,  52  note. 

Scott,  Stephen,  brought  to  prison 
at  Quebec,  49. 

Scott  (Scot),  William,  brought  to 
prison  at  Quebec,  53. 

Seaflower,  schooner,  Capt.  James 
Sutherland,  commander,  40 

Shamballe,  Shamballee.  See 

Shattuck's  Fort,  Indians  attempt 
to  burn,  14. 

Shearly.     See  Chalet. 

Sheepscott,  Maine,  captives  from, 
brought  to  prison  at  Quebec, 
39,  44,  50,  54. 

Sheepscott  river,  54. 

Shepard,  John,  original  subscrib- 
er for  How's  tract,  58. 

Shepherd,  Jacob,  brought  to  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  49,  49  note. 

Sherborn,  Mass.,  47. 

Shrewsbury,    Mass,    53,    58. 

Sinconds,  Benjamin,  brought  to 
prison  at  Quebec,  48. 

Smeed,  Captivity,  dies  at  Quebec, 
55,  55  note. 

Smeed,  Daniel,  dies  in  prison  at 
Quebec,  54. 

Smeed,  Sr.,  John,  he  and  family 
brought  to  prison  at  Quebec, 
48;  his  wife  dies  in  prison,  53; 
his  son  John  dies  in  prison, 
53,  53  note',  his  son  Daniel  dies 
in  prison,  54;  his  youngest 
child,  Captivity,  dies  at  Que- 
bec, 55,  55  note. 

Smeed,  Jr.,  John,  dies  in  prison 
at  Quebec,  53,  53  note. 

Smeed,  Mary,  wife  of  John 
Smeed,  dies  in  prison  at  Que- 
bec, 53. 

Smith,  John,  brought  to  prison 
at  Quebec,  53. 

Smith,  Richard,  brought  to  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  53. 

fcjorel  River,  12,  37;  its  names, 
37  note. 

South  Carolina,  39. 

Spafford,  John,  captain,  brought 
to  prison  at  Quebec,  43. 

Springfield,   Mass.,   59. 

Stebbins,  Luke,  original  subscrib- 
er for  How's  tract,  59. 

Stevens,  Joseph,  captain,  orig- 
inal subscriber  for  How's 
tract,  57. 

Stone,  Jonas,  original  subscrib- 
er for  How's  tract,  58. 

Stone,  Nathan,  original  subscrib- 
er for  How's  tract,  57. 

Stoughton,  Mass.,  58. 

Stratton,  Ensign,  takes  part  in 
pursuit  of  Indians  near  Great 
Meadow,  13. 

Stroud,  William,  from  South 
Carolina,  imprisoned  at  Que- 
bec, 39. 


Stubs,  Richard,  brought,  to  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  49. 

Sturbridge,  Mass.,  58. 

Subes,  Richard.     See   Stubs. 

Sudbury,  Mass.,  18,  19,  58. 

Sunderland,  John,  brought  to 
prison  at  Quebec,  53. 

Sutherland,  James,  captain,  com- 
mander of  schooner  Seaflower, 
in  prison  at  Quebec,  40;  ac- 
count of,  40  note. 

Swanzey,  N.  H.,  captive  from, 
brought  to  prison  at  Quebec, 

TAINTEB,  Benjamin,  brought  to 
prison  at  Quebec,  53. 

Tainter,  Simon,  lieutenant,  his 
son  in  prison  at  Quebec,  53. 

Taylor's  Island  in  Connecticut 
river,  11. 

Tedder,  Christian.     Se  Vedder. 

Thayer,  Jonathan,  narrowly  es- 
capes capture  by  Indians,  12, 
28,  29. 

Townsend  (Townshend),  Mass., 

Trent,  Capt,  killed,  54. 

UPPER  ASHUELOT.  See  Keene,  N.  H. 
Upton,  Mass.,  58. 
Uxbridge,  Mass.,  58. 

VADER,  Christian.     See  Vedder. 
Vanderverick,     Geret,     dies     in 

prison  at  Quebec,  51,  51  note. 
Vaughan,  Samuel,  dies  in  prison 

at  Quebec,  54. 
Vedder,  Christian,  dies  in  prison 

at  Quebec,  54,  54  note. 
Venhon,  Samuel.     See  Vaughan. 
Vermont,  12. 
Vernon,  Vt.,   depredation  at,   46 


WARREN,  David,  brought  to  pris- 
on at  Quebec,  48. 
Warwickshire,    England,    18. 

Watertown,   Mass.,   18. 

Westborough,  Mass.,  49,  53. 

Westmoreland,  N.  H.,  formerly 
called  "No.  2"  settlement  of,  8. 

Wheeler,  Thomas,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  57. 

Wigglesworth,  Rev.  Dr.  Edward, 
his  autograph  on  copy  of 
How's  tract  used  for  this  re- 
print, 16. 

Willard,  Benjamin,  captain,  fath- 
er-in-law of  Nehemiah  How, 
19;  sends  letter  to  How,  55. 

Willard,  Benjamin,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  58. 

Willard,  Daniel,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  58. 

Willard,  Josiah,  colonel,  com- 
mands scouting  party  near 
Great  Meadow,  13-14. 

Willard,  Margaret.  See  How, 
Margaret  (Willard). 

Willard,  Samuel,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  58. 

Williams,  Rev.  Eleazer,  great- 
grandson  of  Eunice  Williams, 
32  note. 

Williams,  Eunice,  daughter  of 
Rev.  John  Williams,  married 
to  Amrusus  (otherwise  called 
De  Rogers),  an  Indian,  32,  32 

Williams,  Rev.  John,  captured 
by  Indians  in  1704  at  Deerfleld, 
32,  32  note',  returns  to  Boston 
and  publishes  account  of  cap- 
tivity, 32  note. 

Williamson,  Jonathan,  captain, 
brought  to  prison  at  Quebec, 

Windham  County,  Vermont,  7, 
27  note. 

Witt,  Oliver,  original  subscriber 
for  How's  tract,  59. 

Wood,  Jonathan,  original  sub- 
scriber for  How's  tract,  58. 

Woodstock,   58. 

72  INDEX 

Woodwell,     Daniel.     See    Wood-  Woodwell,  Mary,  wife  of  David 

well,  David.  Woodwell,    dies   in   prison    at 

Woodwell,    David,     brought     to  Quebec,  51,  51  note. 

prison  at  Quebec,  44;  two  sons,  Worcester,  Mass.,  57. 

daughter    and    wife    of,    cap-  Wright,  Noah,  his  account  of  at- 

tured,  44,  46;  his  wife  dies  at  tack    on    Great    Meadow,    10 

Quebec,  51,  51  note.  note,  11. 

University  of  Toronto 








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